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2016年政府工作报告中英对照pdf

2016年政府工作报告中英对照pdf(共8篇)2016政府工作报告中英文对照政府工作报告REPORT ON THE WORK OF THE GOVERNMENT——2016年3月5日在第十二届全国人民代表大会第四次会议上Delivered at the Fourth Session of the 12th National Peoples Co,下面是新魁文章网zhangxingkui.cn小编为大家整理的2016年政府工作报告中英对照pdf,欢迎阅读!

2016年政府工作报告中英对照pdf

2016年政府工作报告中英对照pdf《一》

2016政府工作报告中英文对照

政府工作报告

REPORT ON THE WORK OF THE GOVERNMENT

——2016年3月5日在第十二届全国人民代表大会第四次会议上

Delivered at the Fourth Session of the 12th National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China on March 5, 2016

国务院总理李克强

Li Keqiang Premier of the State Council

各位代表:

现在,我代表国务院,向大会报告政府工作,请予审议,并请全国政协各位委员提出意见。

Esteemed Deputies,

On behalf of the State Council, I will now report to you on the work of the government for your deliberation and approval. I invite comments on my report from the members of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC).

一、2015年工作回顾

Let me start with a review of the work we did in 2015.

过去一年,我国发展面临多重困难和严峻挑战。在以习近平同志为总书记的党中央坚强领导下,全国各族人民以坚定的信心和非凡的勇气,攻坚克难,开拓进取,经济社会发展稳中有进、稳中有好,完成了全年主要目标任务,改革开放和社会主义现代化建设取得新的重大成就。

In the past year, China has encountered many difficulties and challenges in its

development. However, under the leadership of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) headed by General Secretary Xi Jinping, and with confidence and courage, all the people of China have worked to overcome obstacles and have pressed ahead with a pioneering spirit. As a result, progress has been achieved and stability ensured in economic and social development, the main tasks and targets for the year have been fulfilled, and major achievements have been made in reform, opening up, and socialist modernization.

——经济运行保持在合理区间。国内生产总值达到67.7万亿元,增长6.9%,在世界主要经济体中位居前列。粮食产量实现“十二连增”,居民消费价格涨幅保持较低水平。特别是就业形势总体稳定,城镇新增就业1312万人,超过全年预期目标,成为经济运行的一大亮点

-- The economy operated within an appropriate range.

GDP reached 67.7 trillion yuan, representing an increase of 6.9% over the previous year-a growth rate faster than that of most other major economies. Food crop production increased for the 12th year in a row. Consumer prices grew slowly. Of particular note, the employment situation overall remained stable, with 13.12 million new urban jobs created over the course of the year, surpassing the year's target and becoming an economic highlight.

——结构调整取得积极进展。服务业在国内生产总值中的比重上升到50.5%,首次占据“半壁江山”。消费对经济增长的贡献率达到66.4%。高技术产业和装备制造业增速快于一般工业。单位国内生产总值能耗下降5.6%。

-- Encouraging progress was made in structural adjustment.

The service sector as a proportion of GDP rose to 50.5%, accounting for more than half for the first time. The contribution of consumption toward economic growth reached 66.4%. High-tech industries and equipment manufacturing grew faster than other industries. Energy consumption per unit of GDP fell by 5.6%.

——发展新动能加快成长。创新驱动发展战略持续推进,互联网与各行业加速融合,新兴产业快速增长。大众创业、万众创新蓬勃发展,全年新登记注册企业增长21.6%,平均每天新增1.2万户。新动能对稳就业、促升级发挥了突出作用,正在推动经济社会发生深刻变革。

-- New driving forces for development grew rapidly.

Further progress was made in implementing the strategy of innovation-driven development,the penetration of the Internet into all industries picked up pace, and emerging industries grew rapidly. Business startups and innovations by the general public flourished, with the number of newly registered businesses rising by 21.6% in 2015, or an average of 12,000 new businesses per day. New driving forces played a major role in keeping employment stable and pushing ahead industry upgrading, and are now driving profound economic and social change in China.

——人民生活进一步改善。全国居民人均可支配收入实际增长7.4%,快于经济增速。去年末居民储蓄存款余额增长8.5%,新增4万多亿元。又解决6434万农村人口饮水安全问题。扶贫攻坚力度加大,农村贫困人口减少1442万人。

-- Living standards improved.

Personal per capita disposable income increased by 7.4% in real terms, overtaking the growth rate of the economy. By the end of last year, personal savings deposits had

risen by 8.5%, an increase of more than four trillion yuan. In rural areas, another 64.34 million people gained access to safe drinking water and greater alleviation efforts reduced the number of people living in poverty by 14.42 million.

科技领域一批创新成果达到国际先进水平,第三代核电技术取得重大进展,国产C919大型客机总装下线,屠呦呦获得诺贝尔生理学或医学奖。对我国发展取得的成就,全国各族人民倍感振奋和自豪!

A number of world-class innovations were made in science and technology.Major headway was made in the development of 3G nuclear power technology, China's self-developed C919 large jetliner rolled off the assembly line, and TuYouyou was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine.

回顾过去一年,成绩来之不易。

These achievements in China's development, a source of pride and motivation for our people, did not come easily.

这些成绩,是在极为复杂严峻的国际环境中取得的。去年世界经济增速为6年来最低,国际贸易增速更低,大宗商品价格深度下跌,国际金融市场震荡加剧,对我国经济造成直接冲击和影响。

They were made in the context of an extremely complicated and challenging international environment. In 2015, world economic growth fell to its lowest rate in six years, growth in international trade slowed, commodity prices plummeted, and there was growing volatility in the global financial market. All this had a direct impact on China's economy.

这些成绩,是在国内深层次矛盾凸显、经济下行压力加大的情况下取得的。面对“三期

叠加”的局面,经济工作遇到不少两难甚至多难问题,需要远近结合,趋利避害,有效应对。 They were made at the same time as deep-seated domestic problems were becoming prominent and downward pressure on the economy was mounting. While dealing with the slowdown in economic growth, making difficult structural adjustments, and absorbing the effects of previous economic stimulus policies, China was also confronted with many difficult problems and choices in the running of the economy, and this called for effective responses based on the need both to combine long-term and short-term considerations and to seek benefit and avoid harm.

这些成绩,是在我国经济总量超过60万亿元的高基数上取得的。现在国内生产总值每增长1个百分点的增量,相当于5年前1.5个百分点、10年前2.5个百分点的增量。经济规模越大,增长难度随之增加。

Finally, they were made at a time when China's economic output had exceeded 60 trillion yuan. Every percentage point of GDP growth today is equivalent to 1.5 percentage points of growth five years ago or 2.5 percentage points of growth ten years ago. The larger the economy grows, the greater the difficulty of achieving growth.

在困难和压力面前,全国各族人民付出了极大辛劳,一步一步走了过来。这再次表明,任何艰难险阻都挡不住中国发展前行的步伐!

In the face of these difficulties and pressures, all our people have truly exerted themselves and progressed step by step to get us where we are today. This once again demonstrates that no difficulty or hardship will ever stop China from moving forward. 一年来,我们主要做了以下工作:

I will now move on to discuss the main work we did last year:

2016年政府工作报告中英对照pdf《二》

2016政府工作报告(中英双语对照)

2016政府工作报告(中英对照)

政府工作报告

Report on the Work of the Government

——2016年3月5日在第十二届全国人民代表大会第四次会议上

Delivered at the Fourth Session of the 12th National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China on March 5, 2016

国务院总理 李克强

Li Keqiang Premier of the State Council

各位代表:

Esteemed Deputies,

现在,我代表国务院,向大会报告政府工作,请予审议,并请全国政协各位委员提出意见。 On behalf of the State Council, I will now report to you on the work of the government for your

deliberation and approval. I invite comments on my report from the members of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC).

一、2015年工作回顾

I.Review of the work we did in 2015

{2016年政府工作报告中英对照pdf}.

过去一年,我国发展面临多重困难和严峻挑战。在以习近平同志为总书记的党中央坚强领导下,全国各族人民以坚定的信心和非凡的勇气,攻坚克难,开拓进取,经济社会发展稳中有进、稳中有好,完成了全年主要目标任务,改革开放和社会主义现代化建设取得新的重大成就。

In the past year, China has encountered many difficulties and challenges in its development. However, under the leadership of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) headed by General Secretary Xi Jinping, and with confidence and courage, all the people of China have worked to overcome obstacles and have pressed ahead with a pioneering spirit. As a result, progress has been achieved and stability ensured in economic and social development, the main tasks and targets for the year have been fulfilled, and major achievements have been made in reform, opening up, and socialist modernization.

经济运行保持在合理区间。国内生产总值达到67.7万亿元,增长6.9%,在世界主要经济体中位居前列。粮食产量实现“十二连增”,居民消费价格涨幅保持较低水平。特别是就业形势总体稳定,城镇新增就业1312万人,超过全年预期目标,成为经济运行的一大亮点。

The economy operated within an appropriate range. GDP reached 67.7 trillion yuan, representing an increase of 6.9% over the previous year-a growth rate faster than that of most other major economies. Food crop production increased for the 12th year in a row. Consumer prices grew slowly. Of particular note, the employment situation overall remained stable, with 13.12 million new urban jobs created over the course of the year, surpassing the year's target and becoming an economic highlight.

1

结构调整取得积极进展。服务业在国内生产总值中的比重上升到50.5%,首次占据“半壁江山”。消费对经济增长的贡献率达到66.4%。高技术产业和装备制造业增速快于一般工业。单位国内生产总值能耗下降

5.6%。

Encouraging progress was made in structural adjustment. The service sector as a proportion of GDP rose to 50.5%, accounting for more than half for the first time. The contribution of consumption toward economic growth reached 66.4%. High-tech industries and equipment manufacturing grew faster than other industries. Energy consumption per unit of GDP fell by 5.6%.

发展新动能加快成长。创新驱动发展战略持续推进,互联网与各行业加速融合,新兴产业快速增长。大众创业、万众创新蓬勃发展,全年新登记注册企业增长21.6%,平均每天新增1.2万户。新动能对稳就业、促升级发挥了突出作用,正在推动经济社会发生深刻变革。

New driving forces for development grew rapidly. Further progress was made in implementing the strategy of innovation-driven development,the penetration of the Internet into all industries picked up pace, and emerging industries grew rapidly. Business startups and innovations by the general public flourished, with the number of newly registered businesses rising by 21.6% in 2015, or an average of 12,000 new businesses per day. New driving forces played a major role in keeping employment stable and pushing ahead industry upgrading, and are now driving profound economic and social change in China.

人民生活进一步改善。全国居民人均可支配收入实际增长7.4%,快于经济增速。去年末居民储蓄存款余额增长8.5%,新增4万多亿元。又解决6434万农村人口饮水安全问题。扶贫攻坚力度加大,农村贫困人口减少1442万人。

Living standards improved. Personal per capita disposable income increased by 7.4% in real terms, overtaking the growth rate of the economy. By the end of last year, personal savings deposits had risen by 8.5%, an increase of more than four trillion yuan. In rural areas, another 64.34 million people gained access to safe drinking water and greater alleviation efforts reduced the number of people living in poverty by 14.42 million.

科技领域一批创新成果达到国际先进水平,第三代核电技术取得重大进展,国产C919大型客机总装下线,屠呦呦获得诺贝尔生理学或医学奖。对我国发展取得的成就,全国各族人民倍感振奋和自豪!回顾过去一年,成绩来之不易。

A number of world-class innovations were made in science and technology.Major headway was made in the development of 3G nuclear power technology, China's self-developed C919 large jetliner rolled off the assembly line, and Tu Youyou was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine. These achievements in China's development, a source of pride and motivation for our people, did not come easily.

这些成绩,是在极为复杂严峻的国际环境中取得的。去年世界经济增速为6年来最低,国际贸易增速更低,大宗商品价格深度下跌,国际金融市场震荡加剧,对我国经济造成直接冲击和影响。这些成绩,是在国内深层次矛盾凸显、经济下行压力加大的情况下取得的。面对“三期叠加”的局面,经济工作遇到不少两难甚至多难问题,需要远近结合,趋利避害,有效应对。这些成绩,是在我国经济总量超过60万亿元的高基数上取得的。现在国内生产总值每增长1个百分点的增量,相当于5年前1.5个百分点、10年前2.5个百分点的增量。经济规模越大,增长难度随之增加。在困难和压力面前,全国各族人民付出了极大辛劳,一步一步走了过来。这再次表明,任何艰难险阻都挡不住中国发展前行的步伐!

2

They were made in the context of an extremely complicated and challenging international environment. In 2015, world economic growth fell to its lowest rate in six years, growth in international trade slowed, commodity prices plummeted, and there was growing volatility in the global financial market. All this had a direct impact on China's economy. They were made at the same time as deep-seated domestic problems were becoming prominent and downward pressure on the economy was mounting. While

dealing with the slowdown in economic growth, making difficult structural adjustments, and absorbing the effects of previous economic stimulus policies, China was also confronted with many difficult problems and choices in the running of the economy, and this called for effective responses based on the need both to combine long-term and short-term considerations and to seek benefit and avoid harm. Finally, they were made at a time when China's economic output had exceeded 60 trillion yuan. Every

percentage point of GDP growth today is equivalent to 1.5 percentage points of growth five years ago or

2.5 percentage points of growth ten years ago. The larger the economy grows, the greater the difficulty of achieving growth. In the face of these difficulties and pressures, all our people have truly exerted

themselves and progressed step by step to get us where we are today. This once again demonstrates that no difficulty or hardship will ever stop China from moving forward.

一年来,我们主要做了以下工作:

I will now move on to discuss the main work we did last year:

一是着力稳增长调结构防风险,创新宏观调控方式。为应对持续加大的经济下行压力,我们在区间调控基础上,实施定向调控和相机调控。积极的财政政策注重加力增效,扩大结构性减税范围,实行普遍性降费,盘活财政存量资金。发行地方政府债券置换存量债务3.2万亿元,降低利息负担约2000亿元,减轻了地方政府偿债压力。稳健的货币政策注重松紧适度,多次降息降准,改革存贷比管理,创新货币政策工具,加大对实体经济支持力度。扩大有效投资,设立专项基金,加强水利、城镇棚户区和农村危房改造、中西部铁路和公路等薄弱环节建设。实施重点领域消费促进工程,城乡居民旅游、网购、信息消费等快速增长。去年还积极应对股市、汇市异常波动等金融领域的多种风险挑战,守住了不发生系统性区域性风险的底线,维护了国家经济金融安全。First, we maintained stable growth, made structural adjustments, guarded against risks, and developed new ways of conducting macro regulation. In responding to the mounting downward pressure on the economy, we exercised targeted and well-timed regulation on the basis of range-based regulation. We adopted proactive fiscal policy that focused on increasing intensity and

efficacy by expanding the scope of structural tax reductions, reducing fees across the board, and putting dormant budgetary funds to good use. Local government bonds issued to replace outstanding debt reached 3.2 trillion yuan, lessening the interest payment burden of local governments by approximately 200 billion yuan while also reducing their debt repayment pressure. We pursued prudent monetary policy with an appropriate amount of intensity, making several cuts to interest rates and required reserve ratios, reforming management of the loan-to-deposit ratio, creating new monetary policy tools, and increasing support for the real economy. Effective investment increased, special-purpose funds were established, and development was strengthened in areas in need of attention, including water conservancy, rundown urban areas and dilapidated rural housing, and railways and highways in the central and western regions. Consumer spending was promoted in key areas, spurring rapid growth in spending on recreational travel, online shopping, and information goods and services. In 2015, we also responded proactively to a variety of risks and challenges in the financial sector, such as unusual fluctuations in the stock market and the foreign exchange market, ensuring that no systemic or regional threats arose, thus safeguarding China's economic and financial security.

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二是围绕激发市场活力,加大改革开放力度。我们不搞“大水漫灌”式的强刺激,而是持续推动结构性改革。深入推进简政放权、放管结合、优化服务改革。取消和下放311项行政审批事项,取消123项职业资格许可和认定事项,彻底终结了非行政许可审批。工商登记前置审批精简85%,全面实施三证合一、一照一码。加强事中事后监管,优化公共服务流程。群众和企业办事更加方便,全社会创业创新热情日益高涨。 Second, we intensified reform and opening up to invigorate the market. Rather than adopting strong

stimulus policies that would have an economy-wide impact, we continued to move forward with structural reform. We intensified reform to streamline administration, delegate more powers, improve regulation, and provide better services. We delegated the power or cancelled the requirement for government review for 311 items, cancelled the requirement for verification or approval for 123 professional qualifications, and put a complete stop to the practice of non-administrative review. The number of items which require government approval for new businesses prior to registration was cut by 85%, and the system of a separate business license, organization code certificate, and taxation registration certificate was replaced by a unified business license with a unified social credit code. Both operational and

post-operational oversight over businesses were strengthened, and public service procedures were improved. Government-related procedures for individuals and businesses were made much simpler, such that enthusiasm for stepping out into business and making innovations is rising by the day.

财税金融等重点改革深入推进。中央对地方专项转移支付项目减少三分之一,一般性转移支付规模增加。营改增稳步实施,资源税从价计征范围扩大。取消存款利率浮动上限,推出存款保险制度,建立人民币跨境支付系统。价格改革力度加大,中央政府定价项目减少80%,地方政府定价项目减少一半以上。国有企业、农村、投融资、生态文明等领域改革有序推进,全面深化改革的成效正在显现。

Fiscal, tax, financial, and other key reforms were deepened. The central government cut, by one third, the number of items for which special transfer payments are permitted, while scaling up its general

transfer payments. Steady progress was made in replacing business tax with VAT. Ad valorem taxation was extended to cover more types of resource taxes. The upper limit of the floating band on deposit rates was removed, the deposit insurance system was introduced, and the RMB cross-border payment system was established. Pricing reform was intensified, with the number of central government set prices

reduced by 80% and the number of local government set prices cut by more than 50%. We carried out state-owned enterprise (SOE) reforms, rural reforms, and investment and financing reforms, ecological management reforms, and others. Efforts to intensify reform in all respects are beginning to deliver results.

坚持以开放促改革促发展。努力稳定对外贸易,调整出口退税负担机制,清理规范进出口环节收费,提高贸易便利化水平,出口结构发生积极变化。外商投资限制性条目减少一半,95%以上实行备案管理,实际使用外资1263亿美元,增长5.6%。非金融类对外直接投资1180亿美元,增长14.7%。推广上海自贸试验区经验,新设广东、天津、福建自贸试验区。人民币加入国际货币基金组织特别提款权货币篮子。亚洲基础设施投资银行正式成立,丝路基金投入运营。签署中韩、中澳自贸协定和中国-东盟自贸区升级议定书。“一带一路”建设成效显现,国际产能合作步伐加快,高铁、核电等中国装备走出去取得突破性进展。 Momentum was created for reform and development through opening up. We worked hard to keep foreign trade stable by adjusting the mechanism for sharing the cost of export tax rebates between the central and local governments, overhauling and regulating charges for imports and exports, increasing trade facilitation, and making changes to the export mix. The number of restrictions on overseas

investment in China was cut by 50%, and over 95% of overseas-funded projects may now be undertaken 4

on a simple reporting basis. China utilized US$126.3 billion of overseas investment, an increase of 5.6%. Non-financial outward foreign direct investment reached $118 billion, up 14.7%. Pilot free trade zones were established in Guangdong, Tianjin, and Fujian based on the model of the China (Shanghai) Pilot Free Trade Zone. The RMB was included in the IMF's Special Drawing Rights basket. The Asian

Infrastructure Investment Bank was officially inaugurated, and the Silk Road Fund opened for business. China signed free trade agreements with the Republic of Korea and Australia, respectively,and signed the Protocol to Amend the Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Cooperation between China and ASEAN. Progress was made in the Silk Road Economic Belt and 21st Century Maritime Silk Road Initiative (the Belt and Road Initiative), the pace of our industrial-capacity cooperation with other countries was stepped up, and breakthroughs were made in China's export of high-speed railway and nuclear power equipment.

三是聚焦提质增效,推动产业创新升级。制定实施创新驱动发展战略纲要和意见,出台推动大众创业、万众创新政策举措,落实“互联网+”行动计划,增强经济发展新动力。一大批创客走上创业创新之路。完善农业支持政策,促进农业发展方式加快转变。针对工业增速下降、企业效益下滑,我们一手抓新兴产业培育,一手抓传统产业改造提升。启动实施《中国制造2025》,设立国家新兴产业创业投资引导基金、中小企业发展基金,扩大国家自主创新示范区。积极化解过剩产能,推进企业兼并重组。近三年淘汰落后炼钢炼铁产能9000多万吨、水泥2.3亿吨、平板玻璃7600多万重量箱、电解铝100多万吨。促进生产性、生活性服务业加快发展。狠抓节能减排和环境保护,各项约束性指标超额完成。公布自主减排行动目标,推动国际气候变化谈判取得积极成果。

Third, we worked to promote industrial innovation and upgrading to improve economic performance. To strengthen the new growth engines, an innovation-driven development plan was adopted along with guidelines on its implementation, policies and measures were introduced to encourage public

participation in starting businesses and making innovations, and the Internet Plus action plan was

implemented. A great number of makers started businesses and made innovations. Improvements were made to policies in support of agriculture to promote transformation of the agricultural growth model. In addressing the decline in industrial growth and the downward slide incorporate performance, we worked to foster new industries and upgrade traditional ones. We launched the Made in China 2025 initiative to upgrade manufacturing, set up government funds to encourage investment in emerging industries and to develop small and medium-sized enterprises, and established more national innovation demonstration zones. We cut overcapacity and encouraged business acquisitions and restructuring. Cuts made in

outdated production capacity over the past three years have included over 90 million metric tons of steel and iron, 230 million metric tons of cement, over 76 million weight cases of plate glass, and more than one million metric tons of electrolytic aluminum. The development of production- and consumer-oriented service industries picked up momentum. We took serious measures to conserve energy, reduce emissions, and protect the environment, exceeding obligatory targets. We released self-imposed emissions reduction targets and contributed to the positive outcomes of international negotiations on climate change.

四是着眼开拓发展空间,促进区域协调发展和新型城镇化。继续推动东、中、西、东北地区“四大板块”协调发展,重点推进“一带一路”建设、京津冀协同发展、长江经济带发展“三大战略”,在基础设施、产业布局、生态环保等方面实施一批重大工程。制定实施促进西藏和四省藏区、新疆发展的政策措施。推进户籍制度改革,出台居住证制度,加强城镇基础设施建设,新型城镇化取得新成效。

5

2016年政府工作报告中英对照pdf《三》

2016政府工作报告_中英双语

2016年政府工作报告(全文)

REPORT ON THE WORK OF THE GOVERNMENT

2016年3月5日在第十二届全国人民代表大会第四次会议上

Delivered at the Fourth Session of the 12th National People's Congress of the

People's Republic of China on March 5,2016

李克强

Li Keqiang

国务院总理

Premier of the State Council

The official Chinese version of this report will be released by Xinhua News Agency.

各位代表:

Esteemed Deputies,

现在,我代表国务院,向大会报告政府工作,请予审议,并请全国政协各位委员提出意见。

On behalf of the State Council, I will now report to you on the work of the

government for your deliberation and approval. I invite comments on my report from the members of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC).

一、2015年工作回顾

Let me start with a review of the work we did in 2015.

过去一年,我国发展面临多重困难和严峻挑战。在以习近平同志为总书记的党中央坚强领导下,全国各族人民以坚定的信心和非凡的勇气,攻坚克难,开拓进取,经济社会发展稳中有进、稳中有好,完成了全年主要目标任务,改革开放和社会主义现代化建设取得新的重大成就。

In the past year, China has encountered many difficulties and challenges in its development. However, under the leadership of the Central Committee of the

Communist Party of China (CPC) headed by General Secretary Xi Jinping, and with confidence and courage, all the people of China have worked to overcome

obstacles and have pressed ahead with a pioneering spirit As a result, progress has been achieved and stability ensured in economic and social development, the main tasks and targets for the year have been fulfilled, and major achievements have been made in reform, opening up, and socialist modernization.

——经济运行保持在合理区间。

■ The economy operated within an appropriate range.

国内生产总值达到67.7万亿元,增长6.9%,在世界主要经济体中位居前列。粮食产量实现"十二连增",居民消费价格涨幅保持较低水平。特别是就业形势总体稳定,城镇新增就业1312万人,超过全年预期目标,成为经济运行的一大亮点。

GDP reached 67.7 trillion yuan, representing an increase of 6.9% over the previous year—a growth rate faster than that of most other major economies. Food crop production increased for the 12th year in a row. Consumer prices grew slowly. Of particular note, the employment situation overall remained stable, with 13.12 million

new urban jobs created over the course of the year, surpassing the year's taiget and becoming an economic highlight

——结构调整取得积极进展。

■Encouraging progress was made in structural adjustment.{2016年政府工作报告中英对照pdf}.

服务业在国内生产总值中的比重上升到50.5%,首次占据"半壁江山"。消费对经济增长的贡献率达到66.4%。高技术产业和装备制造业增速快于一般工业。单位国内生产总值能耗下降5.6%。

The service sector as a proportion of GDP rose to 50.5%, accounting for more than half for the first time. The contribution of consumption toward economic growth

reached 66.4%. High-tech industries and equipment manufacturing grew faster than other industries. Energy consumption per unit of GDP fell by 5.6%.

——发展新动能加快成长。

■New driving forces for development grew rapidly.

创新驱动发展战略持续推进,互联网与各行业加速融合,新兴产业快速增长。大众创业、万众创新蓬勃发展,全年新登记注册企业增长21.6%,平均每天新增1.2万户。新动能对稳就业、促升级发挥了突出作用,正在推动经济社会发生深刻变革。 Further progress was made in implementing the strategy of innovation-driven

development, the penetration of the Internet into all industries picked up pace, and emerging industries grew rapidly. Business startups and innovations by the general public flourished, with the number of newly registered businesses rising by 21.6% in 2015, or an average of 12,000 new businesses per day. New driving forces played a major role in keeping employment stable and pushing ahead industry upgrading, and are now driving profound economic and social change in China.

——人民生活进一步改善。

■ Living standards improved.

全国居民人均可支配收入实际增长7.4%,快于经济增速。去年末居民储蓄存款余额增长8.5%,新增4万多亿元。又解决6434万农村人口饮水安全问题。扶贫攻坚力度加大,农村贫困人口减少1442万人。

Personal per capita disposable income increased by 7.4% in real terms, overtaking the growth rate of the economy. By the end of last year, personal savings deposits

had risen by 8.5%, an increase of more than four trillion yuan. In rural areas, another 64.34 million people gained access to safe drinking water and greater alleviation efforts reduced the number of people living in poverty by 14.42 million. 科技领域一批创新成果达到国际先进水平,第三代核电技术取得重大进展,国产C919大型客机总装下线,屠呦呦获得诺贝尔生理学或医学奖。对我国发展取得的成就,全国各族人民倍感振奋和自豪!

A number of world-class innovations were made in science and technology. Major headway was made in the development of 3G nuclear power technology, China's self-developed C919 large jetliner rolled off the assembly line, and Tu Youyou was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine.

回顾过去一年,成绩来之不易。

These achievements in China's development, a source of pride and motivation for our people, did not come easily.

这些成绩,是在极为复杂严峻的国际环境中取得的。去年世界经济增速为6年来最低,国际贸易增速更低,大宗商品价格深度下跌,国际金融市场震荡加剧,对我国经济造成直接冲击和影响。

They were made in the context of an extremely complicated and challenging

international environment. In 2015, world economic growth fell to its lowest rate in six years, growth in international trade slowed, commodity prices plummeted, and there was growing volatility in the global financial market. All this had a direct impact on China's economy.

这些成绩,是在国内深层次矛盾凸显、经济下行压力加大的情况下取得的。面对"三期叠加"的局面,经济工作遇到不少两难甚至多难问题,需要远近结合,趋利避害,有效应对。

They were made at the same time as deep-seated domestic problems were

becoming prominent and downward pressure on the economy was mounting. While dealing with the slowdown in economic growth, making difficult structural

adjustments, and absorbing the effects of previous economic stimulus policies, China was also confronted with many difficult problems and choices in the running of the economy, and this called for effective responses based on the need both to combine long-term and short-term considerations and to seek benefit and avoid harm.

这些成绩,是在我国经济总量超过60万亿元的高基数上取得的。现在国内生产总值每增长1个百分点的增量,相当于5年前1.5个百分点、10年前2.5个百分点的增量。经济规模越大,增长难度随之增加。

Finally, they were made at a time when China's economic output had exceeded 60 trillion yuan. Every percentage point of GDP growth today is equivalent to 1.5 percentage points of growth five years ago or 2.5 percentage points of growth ten years ago. The larger the economy grows, the greater the difficulty of achieving growth.

在困难和压力面前,全国各族人民付出了极大辛劳,一步一步走了过来。这再次表明,任何艰难险阻都挡不住中国发展前行的步伐!

In the face of these difficulties and pressures, all our people have truly exerted themselves and progressed step by step to get us where we are today. This once again demonstrates that no difficulty or hardship will ever stop China from moving forward.

一年来,我们主要做了以下工作:

I will now move on to discuss the main work we did last year:

一是着力稳增长调结构防风险,创新宏观调控方式。

First, we maintained stable growth, made structural adjustments, guarded against risks, and developed new ways of conducting macro regulation.

为应对持续加大的经济下行压力,我们在区间调控基础上,实施定向调控和相机调控。积极的财政政策注重加力增效,扩大结构性减税范围,实行普遍性降费,盘活财政存量资金。发行地方政府债券置换存量债务3.2万亿元,降低利息负担约2000亿元,减轻了地方政府偿债压力。稳健的货币政策注重松紧适度,多次降息降准,改革存贷比管理,创新货币政策工具,加大对实体经济支持力度。扩大有效投资,设立专项基金,加强水利、城镇棚户区和农村危房改造、中西部铁路和公路等薄弱环节建设。实施重点领域消费促进工程,城乡居民旅游、网购、信息消费等快速增长。去年还积极应对金融领域的多种风险挑战,守住了不发生系统性区域性风险的底线,维护了国家经济金融安全。

In responding to the mounting downward pressure on the economy, we exercised targeted and well-timed regulation on the basis of range-based regulation. We adopted proactive fiscal policy that focused on increasing intensity and efficacy by expanding the scope of structural tax reductions, reducing fees across the board,

2016年政府工作报告中英对照pdf《四》

2016年政府工作报告中英文分栏

2016年政府工作报告中英对照pdf《五》

2016年政府工作报告(双语对照分段排版)

2016年政府工作报告

Report on the Work of the Government

——2016年3月5日在第十二届全国人民代表大会第四次会议上

Delivered at the Fourth Session of the 12th National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China on March 5, 2016

国务院总理 李克强

Li Keqiang Premier of the State Council

各位代表:

Esteemed Deputies,

现在,我代表国务院,向大会报告政府工作,请予审议,并请全国政协各位委员提出意见。 On behalf of the State Council, I will now report to you on the work of the government for your deliberation and approval. I invite comments on my report from the members of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC).

一、2015年工作回顾

I.Review of the work we did in 2015

过去一年,我国发展面临多重困难和严峻挑战。

In the past year, China has encountered many difficulties and challenges in its development. 在以习近平同志为总书记的党中央坚强领导下,全国各族人民以坚定的信心和非凡的勇气,攻坚克难,开拓进取,经济社会发展稳中有进、稳中有好,完成了全年主要目标任务,改革开放和社会主义现代化建设取得新的重大成就。

However, under the leadership of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) headed by General Secretary Xi Jinping, and with confidence and courage, all the people of China have worked to overcome obstacles and have pressed ahead with a pioneering spirit. As a result, progress has been achieved and stability ensured in economic and social development, the main tasks and targets for the year have been fulfilled, and major achievements have been made in reform, opening up, and socialist modernization.

经济运行保持在合理区间。国内生产总值达到67.7万亿元,增长6.9%,在世界主要经济体中位居前列。粮食产量实现“十二连增”,居民消费价格涨幅保持较低水平。特别是就业形势总体稳定,城镇新增就业1312万人,超过全年预期目标,成为经济运行的一大亮点。 The economy operated within an appropriate range. GDP reached 67.7 trillion yuan, representing an increase of 6.9% over the previous year-a growth rate faster than that of most other major economies.

Food crop production increased for the 12th year in a row. Consumer prices grew slowly. Of particular note, the employment situation overall remained stable, with 13.12 million new urban jobs created over the course of the year, surpassing the year's target and becoming an economic highlight.

结构调整取得积极进展。服务业在国内生产总值中的比重上升到50.5%,首次占据“半壁江山”。消费对经济增长的贡献率达到66.4%。高技术产业和装备制造业增速快于一般工业。单位国内生产总值能耗下降5.6%。

Encouraging progress was made in structural adjustment. The service sector as a proportion of GDP rose to 50.5%, accounting for more than half for the first time.

The contribution of consumption toward economic growth reached 66.4%. High-tech industries and equipment manufacturing grew faster than other industries. Energy consumption per unit of GDP fell by 5.6%.

发展新动能加快成长。创新驱动发展战略持续推进,互联网与各行业加速融合,新兴产业快速增长。

New driving forces for development grew rapidly. Further progress was made in implementing the strategy of innovation-driven development,the penetration of the Internet into all industries picked up pace, and emerging industries grew rapidly.

大众创业、万众创新蓬勃发展,全年新登记注册企业增长21.6%,平均每天新增1.2万户。新动能对稳就业、促升级发挥了突出作用,正在推动经济社会发生深刻变革。

Business startups and innovations by the general public flourished, with the number of newly registered businesses rising by 21.6% in 2015, or an average of 12,000 new businesses per day. New driving forces played a major role in keeping employment stable and pushing ahead industry upgrading, and are now driving profound economic and social change in China.

人民生活进一步改善。全国居民人均可支配收入实际增长7.4%,快于经济增速。去年末居民储蓄存款余额增长8.5%,新增4万多亿元。又解决6434万农村人口饮水安全问题。扶贫攻坚力度加大,农村贫困人口减少1442万人。

Living standards improved. Personal per capita disposable income increased by 7.4% in real terms, overtaking the growth rate of the economy. By the end of last year, personal savings deposits had risen by 8.5%, an increase of more than four trillion yuan. In rural areas, another 64.34 million people gained access to safe drinking water and greater alleviation efforts reduced the number of people living in poverty by 14.42 million.

科技领域一批创新成果达到国际先进水平,第三代核电技术取得重大进展,国产C919大型客机总装下线,屠呦呦获得诺贝尔生理学或医学奖。对我国发展取得的成就,全国各族人民倍感振奋和自豪!回顾过去一年,成绩来之不易。

A number of world-class innovations were made in science and technology.Major headway was made in the development of 3G nuclear power technology, China's self-developed C919 large jetliner rolled off the assembly line, and Tu Youyou was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine. These achievements in China's development, a source of pride and motivation for our people, did not come easily.

这些成绩,是在极为复杂严峻的国际环境中取得的。去年世界经济增速为6年来最低,国际贸易增速更低,大宗商品价格深度下跌,国际金融市场震荡加剧,对我国经济造成直接冲击和影响。这些成绩,是在国内深层次矛盾凸显、经济下行压力加大的情况下取得的。

They were made in the context of an extremely complicated and challenging international environment. In 2015, world economic growth fell to its lowest rate in six years, growth in international trade slowed, commodity prices plummeted, and there was growing volatility in the global financial market. All this had a direct impact on China's economy. They were made at the same time as deep-seated domestic problems were becoming prominent and downward pressure on the economy was mounting.

面对“三期叠加”的局面,经济工作遇到不少两难甚至多难问题,需要远近结合,趋利避害,有效应对。这些成绩,是在我国经济总量超过60万亿元的高基数上取得的。

While dealing with the slowdown in economic growth, making difficult structural adjustments, and absorbing the effects of previous economic stimulus policies, China was also confronted with many difficult problems and choices in the running of the economy, and this called for effective responses based on the need both to combine long-term and short-term considerations and to seek benefit and avoid harm. Finally, they were made at a time when China's economic output had exceeded 60 trillion yuan.

现在国内生产总值每增长1个百分点的增量,相当于5年前1.5个百分点、10年前2.5个百分点的增量。经济规模越大,增长难度随之增加。在困难和压力面前,全国各族人民付出了极大辛劳,一步一步走了过来。这再次表明,任何艰难险阻都挡不住中国发展前行的步伐!

Every percentage point of GDP growth today is equivalent to 1.5 percentage points of growth five years ago or 2.5 percentage points of growth ten years ago. The larger the economy grows, the greater the difficulty of achieving growth. In the face of these difficulties and pressures, all our people have truly exerted themselves and progressed step by step to get us where we are today. This once again demonstrates that no difficulty or hardship will ever stop China from moving forward.

一年来,我们主要做了以下工作:

I will now move on to discuss the main work we did last year:

一是着力稳增长调结构防风险,创新宏观调控方式。为应对持续加大的经济下行压力,我们在区间调控基础上,实施定向调控和相机调控。

First, we maintained stable growth, made structural adjustments, guarded against risks, and developed new ways of conducting macro regulation. In responding to the mounting downward pressure on the economy, we exercised targeted and well-timed regulation on the basis of range-based regulation.

积极的财政政策注重加力增效,扩大结构性减税范围,实行普遍性降费,盘活财政存量资金。发行地方政府债券置换存量债务3.2万亿元,降低利息负担约2000亿元,减轻了地方政府偿债压力。

We adopted proactive fiscal policy that focused on increasing intensity and efficacy by expanding the scope of structural tax reductions, reducing fees across the board, and putting dormant budgetary funds to good use. Local government bonds issued to replace outstanding debt reached

3.2 trillion yuan, lessening the interest payment burden of local governments by approximately 200 billion yuan while also reducing their debt repayment pressure.

稳健的货币政策注重松紧适度,多次降息降准,改革存贷比管理,创新货币政策工具,加大对实体经济支持力度。

We pursued prudent monetary policy with an appropriate amount of intensity, making several cuts to interest rates and required reserve ratios, reforming management of the loan-to-deposit ratio, creating new monetary policy tools, and increasing support for the real economy.

扩大有效投资,设立专项基金,加强水利、城镇棚户区和农村危房改造、中西部铁路和公路等薄弱环节建设。实施重点领域消费促进工程,城乡居民旅游、网购、信息消费等快速增长。 Effective investment increased, special-purpose funds were established, and development was strengthened in areas in need of attention, including water conservancy, rundown urban areas and dilapidated rural housing, and railways and highways in the central and western regions. Consumer spending was promoted in key areas, spurring rapid growth in spending on recreational travel, online shopping, and information goods and services.

去年还积极应对股市、汇市异常波动等金融领域的多种风险挑战,守住了不发生系统性区域性风险的底线,维护了国家经济金融安全。

In 2015, we also responded proactively to a variety of risks and challenges in the financial sector, such as unusual fluctua

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