spank文章

[篇一:赵丽口诀整理]

1、法国人(French)把他扔进了壕沟 / 战壕(trench)里,我把他扭伤(wrench)

2、-iterate系列:

一个有文化的人(literate),爱上了重复说话(iterate),长大以后学会了掺假(adulterate),生病以后变成了文盲(illiterate),之前无文字记录(preliterate),离开后只能删除(obliterate)

3、只有lank瘦又长(lank),b在lank前变空格(blank),f在lank前是侧翼(flank),p在lank前厚木板(plank),lank变rank是排名(rank),前面加c是曲柄(crank),前面加f真坦白(frank),前面加p才是恶作剧(prank)

5、新郎有mm (groom),凹槽有ve(groove)

6、逗 (d) 他小傻瓜(dolt),叫 (j) 他是颠簸(jolt),有毛 (m) 就脱毛(molt),不行 (b) 就离开(bolt)

7、 -icate系列:

黛玉美丽脆弱(delicate),daddy奉献一生(dedicate),三角恋爱复杂(intricate),弟弟里面提示(indicate)

8、abble好象able,baby胡言乱语(babble),哥哥口齿不清(gabble),弟弟在那戏水(dabble),gobble狼吞虎咽(gobble),nibble小口吞咽(nibble)

9、含苞要谦卑(humble),贪步会跌倒(tumble)

10、fl-系列:

飞回inch为畏缩(flinch),飞来的圆木在鞭打(flog),飞在空中是本能(flair),飞来的姑姑在炫耀(flaunt),锁在一起成群飞(flock),飞到外边受蔑视(flout),飞到下边才挣扎(flounder)

11、flee为逃走,fade为褪色,fling抛石头,feeble才脆弱

12、拍卵石(peddle),入碎石(rubble),写涂鸦(scribble),好跛行(hobble)、鬼借口(quibble)

13、飞来小鹿(fawn)怕典当(pawn),小蛇在前才产卵(spawn)

14、专家爱打人(spank),天鹅爱打扮(swank)

15、妈妈不开心(mump),不要去碰她(bump),哥哥大傻瓜(gump),长个大肿块(lump),丰满才

漂亮(plump),死了才脱落(slump)

16、a部分(fraction)i摩擦(friction),部分无花是党派(faction),摩擦无花是小说(fiction)

17、图钉在前是处理(tackle),明明在前是混合(mingle),火花在前才闪烁(sparkle),开始在前才震惊(startle)

18、在海岸线(coast)上烧烤(roast),为吹嘘(boast)自己而干杯(toast)

19、哥哥听闪光(glisten),走路他读书(tread),太婆有气无力(torpor),懒鬼无精打采(languish)

20、不在灌木丛中(bush),哥哥喷涌而出(gush),喝水才会安静(hush),漂亮才会豪华(plush)

21、箱里的哥哥在狂欢(binge),为了哥哥去伪造(forge),哥哥拿着棍子进驳船(barge),拿着锡

桶去微染(tinge),有罪的哥哥被烧焦(singe),双胞胎的哥哥心里剧痛(twinge),坏哥哥却得了军功章(badge)

22、阿弗为光线在争吵(affray),赌博为光线被出卖(betray),大街上光线在迷失(stray),只好到

光线下去祈祷(pray),钩住光线的是盘子(tray),装灰的盘子是烟灰缸(ashtray)

23、家有提篮(hamper)他篡改(tamper),篡改无人是纵容(tamp),纵容加花是踩实(tramp)

24、弟弟慢说(drawl)不争吵(brawl),专家平躺(sprawl)他拖网(trawl)

25、-ulate系列:

25、成年之后才谄媚(adulate),否定以后起波澜(undulate),模式变调才调音(modulate),拖拖

拉拉才发芽(pullulate)

27、微风breeze,冰冻freeze,挤来挤去squeeze

28、弟弟做苦工(drudge),哥哥表抱怨(grudge),罚他去跋涉(trudge)

29、小溪(stream)无花是蒸汽(steam),蒸汽无他是缝隙(seam)

30、敲击(rap)他掉陷阱(trap),蛇做皮带-捆住他(strap)

31、弟弟里边提示(indicate),离开只能放弃(abdicate)

32、线路圆的才循环(circulate),只有可靠才计算(calculate),表达清楚有艺术(articulate),投机

特别靠推测(speculate)

33、 -ulate系列:

张贴海报要推测(postulate),里面有蛇才绝缘(insulate),哥哥老鼠来祝贺(gratulate),人类IP要控制(manipulate)

34、不吹动(blow),飞流动(flow),哥发光(glow),洞中空(hollow)

35、我老去山地(wold),妈妈做模具(mold),飞入旧羊栏(fold)

36、我女巫(witch),掉水沟(ditch),披投掷(pitch),高被钩(hitch)

37、表达清楚有艺术(articulate),骂人有污点(maculate)

38、试验的木板(slab),缺乏的马虎(slack),落后的煤渣(slag)躺下残杀(slay),晚来的提名(slate),

跌落的肿块(slump)

39、他倾斜(tilt),我枯萎(wilt),蛇入淤泥(silt)皆抛弃(jilt)

40、一个大门是玛瑙(agate),GRE大门在汇总(aggregate),街道里面在煽动(instigate),向前翻

页才繁殖(propagate),门前有烟是消毒(fumigate),向前飞离挥如土(profligate),共同束缚(colligate)送缓和(mitigate)

41、易怒的是桌子(irritable),灌溉的是大门(irrigate),扔掉大门受惩罚(castigate),那六个大门

在航行(navigate),投资大门为调查(investigate)

42、前面唱歌的是海鸥(gull),海鸥喝水用硬壳(hull),拉住海鸥快安静(lull),飞到山后去思考

(mull),海鸥不同意变公牛(bull),打它一下变白痴(dull),只好重新去挑选(cull)

43、不简洁(brief),哥悲伤(grief),阿姨平躺为缓解(relief)

44、只有er是轻率(temerity),p气缓和和煅炼(temper),加a变成颜料蛋(tempera),再加馒头气质变(temperamental),去掉馒头加te,自制-温和和适度(temperate),去掉速度加街道,动乱-骚动-暴风雨(tempest)

45、成年在前才掺假(adulterate),每天吃ve成习惯(inveterate)

46、喝水的巫婆(hag)那个唠叨(nag),娃娃摇摆(wag)她追随(tag)

47、吊胃口(dangle),我得到(wangle),花争吵(wrangle),它混乱(tangle),专家在前才闪光(spangle)

48、只有rim是边缘(rim),前面加b含义不变(brim),前面加鬼真恐怖(grim),前面加p才是端庄整洁(prim)

49、六个mm精力充沛(vim),卖了mm变成残废(maim),mm的家里塞满果酱(jam)

50、只有inch是英寸(inch),飞回一寸为畏缩(flinch),拍进一寸用手捏(pinch),吃掉一寸才发芽(inchoate)

51、小蛇在前永远严厉(severe),小花在前永远尊敬(revere)

52、-le系列:

做做在前是乱写/涂鸦(doodle),种类在前是点燃(kindle),蛇儿乘风来骗取(swindle),弟弟随风日渐少(dwindle)

53、离开爱的要忍耐(abide),不爱你的要等待(bide)

54、一条卷发(curl)他简短(curt),不要控制(curb)到凝乳(curd)

55、Lucy刻苦攻读(lucubrate),卡里调整校对(calibrate),亚当心理阴影(adumbrate),窝转脊椎动物(vertebrate)

56、一个搅动不安(agitate),爱花花儿愤怒(irritate),离开浮于空中(levitate),啪啪心儿跳动(palpitate)

57、有花的是兄弟(brother),没花的是打扰(bother),兄弟无人是肉汤(broth),肉汤倒过来是悸

动(throb)

58、爱得痛了(agony),痛得哭了(sob),哭得清醒了(sober),看见妹妹又阴郁了(somber)

59、不要光线要争吵(fray),去掉争吵要付出(defray),争吵加O是突袭(foray),或者变L是剥皮(flay)

60、由他里面开始吃(initiate),一再填充才相关(affiliate),向下五度才偏离(deviate),一再离开得减轻(alleviate)

61、重画只能放弃(relinquish),完成才会征服(vanquish),生气才会痛苦(anguish),懒鬼才会衰弱(languish)

62、表达清楚有艺术(articulate),骂人有污点(maculate),一加就喷出(ejaculate),一骂死割除(emasculate)

63、生病的屁股攻击你(assail),快鹅病痛生畏惧(quail),旅游生病真痛苦(travail),我为生病而恸哭(wail)

64、愤怒bile,适婚女孩nubile,娴熟habile,不稳易变labile

65、只有last 持续-最后(last),无法持续只能爆炸(blast),炸开了岩石成碎片(clast),前添后加才变灵活(elastic)

66、布莱迷失是污点(blemish),虽然不多也很脏(blot),见不到光就枯萎(blight),不持续就爆炸

(blast),炸坏了腿别怪我(blame)

67、-le系列:

locale为现场(locale),我怕被刺穿(impale),边上侧边行(slide),抱狗不敢前(boggle)

68、600加花粗鄙人(boor),600条街道往前推(boost),60个阿姨真烦人(bore),600个MM真繁荣(boom)

69、外边的阿姨真奇怪(outre),6个阿姨勾引你(lure),借助阿姨进牛栏(byre),阿姨套你是反驳(retort)

70、只有race是比赛(race),baby比赛用背带(brace),哥哥比赛真优雅(grace),跟他比赛是追踪(trace)

71、夹克(jacket)怕包裹(packet),花形球拍(racket)不能做支架(bracket)

72、轻快带来危险(brisk),草率带来灰尘(brash),辫子带来帮助(braid),边缘带来墨水(brink),

品牌带来and(brand),影响带来unt(brunt),吹牛每一个裂口(breach),脆弱带来little(brittle)

73、割公牛膨胀(bulge),看体积(bulk)不是灯泡(bulb),买个圈做浮标(buoy)

74、外科医生(surgeon)不萌芽(burgeon),鸽子有猪(pigeon)蹲地牢(dungeon),跑到泥里真生气

(curmudgeon),故意钓到白杨鱼(gudgeon)

75、半身雕像bust,灰尘dust,阵风吹来gust,欲望小妹lust

76、快死的柳树病枯黄(sallow),放在大厅真神圣(hallow),墙边的小猪在打滚(wallow),飞来飞

去真休闲(fallow)

77、嘴唇可修剪(clip),离开可分裂(cleave),圆木可阻碍(clog),可变多阻塞(clot)

78、作茧自缚cocoon,浅吟低唱croon,孤独无助maroon,胆小懦夫poltroon,捕鲸鱼叉harpoon,

讽刺文章lampoon

79、e来就得意(elate),离开就切除(ablate),出口在通风(ventilate),向前变椭圆(prolate),两边

在扩散(dilate),共同来核对(collate)

80、共同套他为曲解(contort),共同踹他为悔恨(contrite),共同带来为协商(confer),共同坚定

为确认(confirm),共同发现易搞混(confound),共同做过为宽恕(condone),共同夹死为拥挤(congest),共同给予为默许(connive)

81、大街上下雨为拉紧(strain),共同拉紧是束缚(constrain),拉紧少花是污点(stain),反复拉紧

是限制(restrain)

82、盖他为秘密(covert),少花是贪求(covet),c去是公开(overt),他去就结束(over)

83、宇宙花钱买摩丝(cosmos),好战花钱买铜铃(bellicose),你我花钱买衣服(costume),固定花

费为宠爱(cosset),有钱人花钱买鸵鸟(ostrich),就爱花钱开玩笑(jocose)

84、cr-系列:

老鼠系领带(cravat),母牛胆小鬼(cower),胖人手艺好(craft),吃饭板条箱(crate),看见一蠢驴(crass),排名真古怪(crank),妹妹抱佛脚(cram),容易生皱纹(crease),编辑才信任(credit)

85、乌鸦(crow)你加冕(crown),山顶可休息(crest),沙发(couch)有花弯腰捡(crouch),趴下匍匐

(creep)看小溪(creek)

86、飞来戒指落边缘(fringe),看到戒指就谄媚(cringe),专家拿戒指设圈套(springe),小p变y注射器(syringe)

87、飞来小鹿(fawn)怕典当(pawn),小蛇在前才产卵(spawn),不要肌肉(brawn)来草坪(lawn),

打个哈欠(yawn)到黎明(dawn)

88、大胆的(bold)秃驴(bald),不要无耻的(ribald)露肋骨(rib)

89、de…ate系列:

价值在贬值(depreciate),神圣在玷污(desecrate),声音会爆炸(detonate),自由才谨慎(deliberate),魔鬼在游行(demonstrate),大量被毁坏(devastate),六个才偏离(deviate),种族被根除(deracinate)

90、删掉大门为代表(delegate),下边锯掉为镇压(subjugate),同入大门起波澜(corrugate),潜水

大门在漂泊(divagate),你的大门在取消(negate),油炸大门护航舰(frigate)

91、e…ate系列:

人类的发源(emanate),Lucy的阐明(elucidate),虚弱的神经(enervate),数字的列举(enumerate),等级的上升(escalate),彻底的根除(eradicate)

92、MM全部逛商店(mall),街道全部有书店(stall),里面书店在安装(install),喝水全部到大厅

(hall),哥哥全部有胆量(gall),弟弟全部在闲荡(dally),专家全部变碎片(spall)

93、小花生病变小河(rill),哥哥河边来烤肉(grill),妹妹河边在尖叫(shrill),弟弟河边钻孔忙(drill)

94、外国人(foreign)或者假装(feign)低头屈服(deign)于雨的统治(reign)

95、色缺就退隐(sequester),禁止过栏杆(banister),四你不吉祥(sinister),关进修道院(cloister),

六百支持者(buster庞然大物),旋转老处女(spinster)

96、公牛在前在恐吓(bully),填进一匹小母马(filly),小花全部在聚集(rally),老俞全部支持者

(ally),哥哥全部真恐怖(gally),打来打去在戏弄(dally)

97、生气的边缘(flange),火光在摇曳(flare),问到了烧瓶(flask),姑姑在炫耀(flaunt),法律的瑕疵(flaw),98、出去才蔑视(flout),我们的面粉(flour),下边深陷(flounder),后来的恭维(flatter),残废的火焰(flame)

99、口音在加重(accentuate),四牛在弯曲(sinuate),一挖就撤离(evacuate),十点变稀释

(attenuate),向外才掩饰(extenuate),流动才波动(fluctuate)

100、完全的utter,黄油的butter,翅膀拍动flutter

101、六朵花剧毒(virulent),离开真充足(opulent),特别容易碎(?),卡车真凶残(truculent),不

要不诚实(fraudulent),成功多汁水(succulent),退出可食用(esculent)

102、哥哥学习要收集(glean),哥哥离去小故障(glitch),哥哥速度会烦躁(grate),哥哥成熟会抱怨(gripe)

103、里面惰性(inert)怕敏捷(pert),向外作用才施加(exert)

104、爱速度愤怒(irate),O速度演讲(orate),怕速度闲聊(prate),既怕又爱才盗版(pirate) 105、a居住(inhabit),i禁止(inhibit),禁止向外为展览(exhibit)

夹死提手势(gesticulate),不爱防注射(inoculate),拍下盗公款(peculate),向外同接触(osculate)

107、桌前不可入(inscrutable高深莫测的),可入到tiny(scrutiny详细审查),金桌活画面(tableau),

金盘是高原(plateau),金哥占卜者(augur),e加螺丝钻(auger)

108、里面四牛在暗示(insinuate),前面mate灵长类(primate)

109、里面书店在安装(install),里面仍然在滴注(instill)

110、中间有门是监禁(intern),我在中间是暂时(interim),中间说话要禁止(interdict),中间有玩

是休息(interlude)

111、-date系列:

坐那约会要安定(sedate),蚂蚁约会要提前(antedate),男生约会下命令(mandate),里面否定才淹没(inundate)

112、家里有罐子(jar),罐里有戒指(jarring刺耳的),罐子里行走用暗语(jargon),带冰远足(jaunt)

是偏见(jaundice)

113、一个MM送秋波(leer),五个MM换话题(veer),街道MM在驾驶(steer),缺人就会变疯

狂(queer),鄙视读作sneer,外表读作veneer

114、 -est系列:

男生如果明白(manifest),最快乐的是说笑(jest),Z形上升才刺激(zest),用毛乐死骚扰人(molest),向前挖掘最简化(predigest)

115、泥土谦卑(humble),翻布寻找(fumble),就混杂(jumble)

116、一个烂死的鱼叉(lance),因无茶而冷淡(nonchalance),一个娘娘腔的男人(nance),证明艺

术的出处(provenance),钢笔记下惩罚(penance),命令变成大炮(ordnance),分开如此不和谐(dissonance),牛的细微差别(nuance)

117、用树皮(bark),做方舟(ark),蛇在公园玩火花(spark),一只百灵(lark嬉耍戏弄)车担忧(cark) 118、死猫他烧焦(scathe),我吃花盘旋(wreathe),拉开这车床(lathe),O床生厌倦(loathe),来

这真柔软(lithe),不来变快乐(blithe)

119、不是永远的饮料(beverage),花是永远的幻想(reverie),蛇是永远的脱离(sever),驴是永远

的断言(asseverate)

120、不是肢体(limb)你描绘(limn),怕跛行(limp)它有限(limit)

121、猛烈责骂是速度(berate),蕾丝速度会伤害(lacerate),伤害妹妹会消瘦(macerate浸软),吃

过离开真恐怖(macabre)

122、拥有小门避难所(haven),里面有老妈是内行(maven),你个内行淡紫色(mauve),去掉ve

带伤害(maul),伤害德林易流泪(maudlin感情脆弱的)

123、缺乏钥匙是小卒(lackey卑躬屈膝者),变为中间就混合(medley),全部小卒在小巷(alley),

各种小巷有厨房(galley船上厨房),珍珠无e在和谈(parley),脱毛倒置又混杂(motley) 124、我们焊接(weld)我合并(meld),因i焊接是操纵(wield)

125、小样他闲聊(tattle),我在争斗志(mettle),网络添麻烦(nettle),谁在削木头(whittle),扔掉掐死你(throttle)

126、raff(大量)淫雨霏霏,他日关税重重(tariff),雪上轻舟飞过(skiff),quaff豪情痛饮 127、你毛在呻吟(moan),他毛入壕沟(moat)

128、微尘是mote,溺爱是dote,死记硬背才rote

129、坏哥得徽章(badge),他在做树篱(hedge),不让牛轻推(nudge),我们挤进去(wedge),十个

小木屋(?),做完就离开(dodge)

树上结蜜糖(treacle),或者发神谕(oracle),男生戴手铐(manacle),债多会崩溃(debacle) 131、傲了猫头鹰(owl),思考才皱眉(scowl),怎样才咆哮(howl),生长变吼叫(growl)

132、苍白尝试是琐碎(paltry),全部尝试食品室(pantry),森林尝试是哨兵(sentry),过去尝试是

糕点(pastry),巨大尝试是偏狭(?)

[篇二:专题阅读]

阅读简答专项训练

A

Nearly all American students in colleges and universities pay for their education. There are many expenses. First of all, there is tuition (学费). At some schools, the tuition is very high, ten thousand dollars a year or more. At other schools, it may only be a few hundred dollars a year. At some community (社区) colleges, tuition is free. There are other expenses as well. Many students leave their homes to go to schools in other cities. They may live in dormitories or apartments ( flats), and they must pay for it. Finally, students must buy textbooks for their courses. Some families start saving money for their children’s education when the children are small. Many students work to save money for tuition. They can also get loans (贷款) from the government. They pay the money back to the government when they finish their education.

阅读短文,回答问题或完成答句,每题词数不超过5个

1. Which students pay for their education?

_______________ in colleges and universities pay for their education.

2. How much is the higher tuition?

It is _______________ or more.

3. Are there any free tuition colleges?

___________________________.

4.Why do many students live in dormitories or apartments?

Because they_______________.

5. What must students buy finally?

They must _______________.

6. When do many students pay back their loans from the government?

They pay them back_______________.

B

Some people want to be shot into space after their death, others want to lie deep under the sea. But most people want to go into the freezer(冷藏库).These are believers in cryogenics(低温冷冻学).

Now some diseases can’t be cured, but they may be cured sometime in the future. So some people hope that their bodies can be frozen after they die. When a cure is found, warm up his or her body, bring it back to life and take the cure. Once the body is frozen, it is kept in liquid nitrogen(液态氮) at a temperature of 328 degrees below zero. Now around a thousand people are going to take cryogenic treatment(处理), though most scientists say it won’t work. If we freeze huge creatures(生物) like humans, every one of their cells(细胞) will be broken. Can they be brought back to life in the future? 根据短文内容回答下列各问题。

7. Where do most people hope that their bodies are kept after their death? _________________________________________

8. Why do they want the world to keep their bodies well?

_________________________________________

9. How do scientists usually keep a dead man’s body?

_________________________________________

10. How many people are going to take cryogenic treatment after they die?

___________________________________________

C

A rich man was once riding along the road and saw an old man digging in his garden. On the ground lay a young tree, ready to be planted. The rich man called out to the old man, “What kind of tree are you planting there, my good man?”

“This is a fig(无花果) tree, sir. ” He said.

“A fig tree?” the rich man was very surprised, “Why, how old are you, may I ask?”

“I am ninety years old.”

“What!” cried the rich man, “You’re ninety years old. You are planting a very young tree now and it’ll take years to give fruit. You certainly don’t hope to live long enough to get any fruit from this tree. ” The old man looked around the garden. Then he said with a smile, “Tell me, sir. Did you eat figs when you were a boy? ”“Sure,” the man did not know why he asked this question. “Then tell me this,” he said, “Who planted the fig trees?” “Why-why? I don’t know.” “You see, sir.” went on the old man,“Our forefathers(祖先) planted trees for us to enjoy and I am doing the same for the people after me.”

The rich man was quiet and said, “You are right,my good man. We should do some things for the people after us. Thank you very much.” Then he rode away.

根据短文内容回答下列各问题。

11.What tree was the old man planting when the rich man saw him?

________________________________________

12. How old was the old man?

_________________________________________

13. The old man was planting the tree to get himself some fruit to eat,wasn’t he? Who was he planting the tree for?

____________________________________________

14. Did the rich man eat figs when he was a boy?

____________________________________________

15. What should we do for the people after us?

_____________________________________________

D

In general,laws for children are a good thing.

One hundred years ago in industrial countries, children worked 18 hours a day in a factory at age seven. The factory owner could beat a child who fell asleep or was not fast enough. Both parents and teachers could do the same.

Today, there are many laws about children all over the world. Some people think children must obey rules or they should be punished,others do not agree. The Inuits or Eskimos in Alaska almost never punish their children. The parents don’t hit them. If the children go too far,the parents punish them by making fun of them.

Children in other parts of the world are not as lucky as Eskimo children. American parents can spank(打……臀部) their children at home,but a teacher cannot hit a child in a public school. This is also true in Germany. In contrast(对比), it is against the law for anyone to hit a child in Sweden. Swedish parents cannot spank their children. The children also have a special government official who works for their rights. There is even a plan for children to divorce from their parents though this is not a law yet!

根据短文内容回答下列各问题。

16. How were children treated in industrial countries 100years ago?

________________________________________.

17. What does the author mean by “go too far?”

________________________________________.

18. Can a teacher in Germany hit his students in public school?

________________________________________.

19. What kind of people can beat children in Sweden?

__________________________________________.

20. What does it mean by “a plan for children to divorce from their parents?”

_________________________________________.

E

Sydney is a young city. Its history goes back just over 200 years. But in Australia, it is the oldest city. It is also the country’s largest city. Sydney is the capital of New South Wales and the most populous(人口稠密的) city of Australia.

The climate(气候) of Sydney is very good. It’s not too cold during the winter and not too hot during the summer. The sky is blue,the air is fresh(清新的), birds sing in the garden. People who live in Sydney seem to have an easy life style. They will tell you, “Don’t worry. ”

Many people think that Sydney is one of the most attractive cities in the world. It has many tall and modern buildings. Among them, Centrepoint Tower is the tallest. Standing on the 305--metre(80 storeys) tower, you will have a great view(视野) of the city.

Sydney is famous for its deep harbor(港口) .The harbor has many bays(湾) and beautiful surf beaches. Among them, Bondi beach is the most popular. Sydney Harbor is not only beautiful, it also serves as a large port. Ships carry wool, wheat and meat from Sydney to other countries.

People living in Sydney like to call themselves Sydneysiders. They are mostly friendly and easygoing. When they are not working, they love to have a good time at the beach, swimming and sailing.

根据短文内容回答下列各问题。

21. How old is Sydney?

________________________________________

22. How is the climate of Sydney?

________________________________________

23. How tall is Centrepoint Tower?

________________________________________

24. What is Sydney famous for?

________________________________________

25. What do people living in Sydney love to do when they are not working?

________________________________________

【参考答案】

A篇

【文章大意】 几乎所有的美国大学生都要支付教育费用。首先是学费。有些学校的学费很贵,高达一万美元一年甚至更多。还有其它的费用,如住宿费。最后还有教材费。有些家庭在孩子还小的时候就开始积攒教育经费,很多学生通过工作来挣钱支付学费,他们也可以向政府借贷,毕业后再还。

1. Nearly all American students

2. ten thousand dollars a year

3. Yes, there are some

4. study in other cities / leave their homes to study / study away from their homes / don’t study near their homes

5. buy textbooks for their courses

6. when they finish their education

B篇

【文章大意】有些人死后想被发射到太空去,有些人想被深埋在海底之下,但多数人想要被低温冷冻。现在有些疾病不能治疗,但到了将来它们可能会被治好。于是有些人希望死后尸体能被冷冻起来,等找到了治疗方法,再让他们复活。尽管大多数科学家认为这种方法不起作用,还是有1,000多人准备接受低温冷冻。

7. In the freezer.

8. They hope that they can come back to life one day.

9. They usually keep it in liquid nitrogen at a temperature of 328 degrees below zero.

10. Around 1.000 people.

C篇

【文章大意】一位富人见一位90岁的老人在种无花果树,感到很惊讶。老人对他说,“我们的祖先为我们栽树,供我们享受,我也为我的后人们做同样的事。”

11.He was planting a fig tree.

12. He was ninety years old.

13. No, he wasn’t. He was planting the tree for the people after him .

14. Yes, he did.

15. We should do some good things for the people after us.

D篇

【文章大意】通常而言,为儿童制定法律是件好事。100多年前,在工业国家,7岁大的孩子在工厂一天要工作18小时,工厂的老板可以打小孩,家长和老师们也可以这样做。今天世界上有很多保护儿童的法律。有些人认为儿童应该遵纪守法,否则就要受到惩罚。其他人则不同,爱斯基摩人从不惩罚儿童。如果孩子们做得太过份了,父母亲用开玩笑的方式来惩罚他们。在其他地方则不同,美国的家长可以在家打孩子的屁股,但老师不能在学校打学生。德国跟美国一样。但在瑞士任何人都不能打孩子,并有专门的政府部门来维护孩子们的权利。

16. They were treated very badly.

17. Do something too much.

18. No, he can’t.

19. None can do that.

20. A plan for ending the children’s relationship with their parents.

E篇

【文章大意】这是一篇介绍悉尼的文章,分别从历史、气候、建筑、港口和居民等方面阐述了悉尼的迷人之处。

21. It’s just over 200 years old.

22. It’s not too cold during the winter and not too hot during the summer. It’s very good.

23. It’s 305 meters tall.

24. Sydney is famous for its deep harbor.

25. They love to go swimming and sailing.

阅读简答实例分析

(A)

John Smith was an old porter. He worked at the station. Every day he was busy carrying heavy things for the people. He was careful with his work. He was kind to everyone. He was always ready to help others.

One morning he stood in the station. He was waiting for the train. Just then he saw a man running towards the trains with a big bag in his hand.

“No train is starting. Why is he in such a hurry?” the old man thought to himself. He went up to the man and asked, “May I help you?”

As soon as the man saw the porter, he stopped running.

“Can I catch the 10:35 train to London?” the man asked. He looked worried.

The old porter looked at him for a few seconds and said, “Well, sir. I’d like to help you, but I can’t answer your question because I don’t know how fast you can run.” Then he explained to the man, “The 10:35 train to London left five minutes ago. Can you run fast enough to catch it?”

1. What was John’s job?

2. Where do you think the man was going?

3. Why did the man run towards the trains and look worried?

4. What time was it when the man got to the station?

5. What do you think of John Smith?

【答案及解析】

通读全文, 故事讲述的是车站搬运工John Smith有一天在火车站同一名旅客间的一段对话,故事很幽默。

第一个问题是一个细节题,第1段清楚地说明了他的工作:John Smith was an old porter。porter的意思的“(车站、码头) 的搬运工人”,如果考生不认识这个词,也可以由He worked at the station. Every day he was busy carrying heavy things for the people.这两句

话了解他的工作性质。因此第一个问题的回答:John’s job was to carry heavy things for the people at station. / He was a porter.

第二个问题是一个推理题,问题:这名旅客要去哪里。由文中这句旅客的问话Can I catch the 10:35 train to London?很容易推断出他要去伦敦。

第三个问题仍要求考生推理得出答案,问题:为什么此人看上去很急的样子朝火车赶去。很显然是因为他在赶火车。对why提问要用because进行回答,第三个问题的回答是Because he wanted to catch the 10:35 train to London.

第四个问题是推理题, 问的是:这名旅客赶到火车站的时间。由下文John的回答The 10:35 train to London left five minutes ago可知火车已开走,这名旅客赶到的时间是大约10: 40,因此第四题的回答是It was about10:40 (twenty to eleven) 。第五个问题是归纳题, 考查考生对文章大意的理解。这个问题的回答实际上就是全文的中心句, 在第一自然段里已做了介绍。He was careful with his work. He was kind to everyone and always ready to help others.

(B)

John Brown, an office worker, lives in Washington, He inherited(继承) $ 1,000, 000 when he was 23. He didn’t feel happy at all. His college friends were looking for their first jobs, but he didn’t have to. John decided to keep living a simple life like everyone else. He didn’t tell any of his friends and gave $ 100, 000 of his money to a charity(慈善团体) that helped poor children to live better lives, but he is much happier.

Up to now,John has helped 15 children from poor countries all over the world, $ 200 a month for each. The child does not receive the money in cash(现金). The money pays for the child’s school expenses, food, medical care and clothing. John receives a report each year on the child’s progress. They can write to each other, but usually the children do not speak English.

When John first heard about these children, he wanted to help them. “It was not anything special,” he said, “Until I had the chance to go to these countries and meet the children I was helping, I did not know anything about the type of life they had.”

Once John went to meet a little girl in Africa. He said that the meeting was very exciting. “When I met her, I felt very very happy,” he said, “I saw that the money was used for a very good plan. It brought me closer to the child in a way that giving money alone cannot” “ I want to do everything I can. I will go on helping those children in need, “he added.

根据短文内容回答下列问题,不超过五个单词:

1. What kind of life is John living?

He is living a _______________________..

2. Did John want to look for a job or stay at home after he got the money?

___________________

3. Does John only help the poor children in Africa?

____________________________

4. The child receives the money in cash, doesn’t he?

_______________________________

5. Why did John say that the meeting with the little girl was very exciting?

Because he saw his money was well used and this made him_____________.

6.. How do you like John Brown?

He is_______________________

【答案及解析】

这篇短文讲述的是John Brown继承了一笔遗产,并用这笔钱来资助15个孩子的故事。注意有的问题是用句子回答,有的则是用短语或词回答,词数有要求,不能超过五个单词。

阅读简答的答题技巧

学生们做“阅读简答”这样的题目时,普遍觉得不难,而考试结果一出来,却发现得高分的不多,原因就在于这种题型不仅要求考生读懂文章, 还要求他们用自己的语言简练的回答有关问题;既考查了学生的阅读理解能力,也考查了他们的英语表达能力和概括能力,另外,对回答的拼写、语法的正确性的要求,使得做简答题有一定的难度。再加上解答这样的题型几乎没有猜题的技巧可言,也从某种意义上加大了做题的难度。要想取得较好的成绩,好的解题步骤和技巧是非常重要的。

1. 通读全文。做简答题的关键是要读懂原文,因此首先要通读全文、弄清楚段落大意及文章的中心意思以及作者的基本观点、态度,正确理解语境。

2. 按题查读,即根据问题去寻找答案。认真阅读问题,充分理解问题,准确理解所问的内容,确定需要在文章中查找的对象,避免答非所问。

3. 简练作答。在基本确定了每道题的回答内容之后,就要用简练、准确的英语表达出来。注意回答问题时要切中要点,不要画蛇添足。组织答案时,注意避免语言错误,如:时态、主谓一致、句子结构和拼写等。如需引用原文,要作适当改动,最好不要整句照搬.

4. 认真核查。完成所填的答案以后,再将原短文和补全后的短文或句子放在一起,审读一遍,上下对比参照,逐一检查所填的词是否符合原文主旨和细节,是否答非所问,是否仍存在语法、词汇拼写等错误,另外还有一点也要注意:如果对字数有要求, 是否符合要求。

5. 答案形式要符合提问方式。不同类型的问题要求有不同形式的回答,不能仅仅为了答案的简洁而忽略了问题与回答在形式上的对应。如原文中提问方式为“why”,那么就要用“because”引导的从句来回答。

答题时值得注意的是:根据语境、先定词义、后定词形。因此首先得纵观全文,围绕中心意思,综合考虑来确定词义,保证所填的词符合全文的大意。查读相关的段落或词句时,应仔细对照留有空格的句子或问题,找出充足的依据来确定该空格应填词的词义。所填的词还必须符合语法正确的原则,必须从词语搭配、句型结构以及人称、时态、语态上来判定所填词的正确形式,所填的词以实词为主,有些要填的词可以从原短文中直接找到答案。

第一个问题是细节题,询问John过着怎样的一种生活。由文中的句子John decided to keep living a simple life like everyone else. 可知:他的生活简朴。因此第一题可填入simple life.

第二个问题是推理题,文章开头说His college friends were looking for their first jobs, but he didn’t have to. John decided to keep living a simple life like everyone else.说明他想和别人一样过普通人的生活。很容易对这个选择疑问句作出回答,注意对选择疑问句的回答方式,不要画蛇添足。第2句的回答: He wanted to look for a job.

第三个问题是细节题,根据John has helped 15 children from poor countries all over the world…可知这个一般疑问句的回答:是No. (He helps other children.) / No, he doesn’t.

第四个问题是细节题,这是个反意问句,由文中的The child does not receive the money in cash(现金) The money pays for the child’s school expenses, food, medical care and clothing.可知回答是No / No,he doesn’t.

第五个问题要求考生用短语或词填空,这是推理题,问:为什么John同小女孩的见面令他激动?题目中已给出了部分回答:Because he saw his money was well used and this made him_____________.短文 “When I met her, I felt very very happy,” he said, “I saw that the money was used for a very good plan. It brought me closer to the child in a way that giving money alone cannot” 可以判断空里应填feel happy / closer to the child.

第六个问题是归纳总结题,要求考生在理解全文的基础上,对主人公的人品进行归纳评价。最合适的回答是:a kind(generous) person。

回答问题型阅读理解题3篇

阅读下列短文,然后根据短文内容回答问题。

(1)

It’s hard to make friends if you stay at home alone all the time. Get out of the house and do things that will put you in touch with(接触) other people. It’s easier to make friends when you have similar interests.

Don’t be afraid to show people what you’re really good at. Talk about the things you like and do best. People will be interested in you if there is something interesting about you.

Look at people in the eye when you talk to them. That way, they’ll find it easier to talk to you, or people may think you’re not interested in them and may stop being interested in you.

Be a good listener. Let people talk about themselves before talking about “me, me, me”. Ask lots of questions. Show an interest in their answers.

Try to make friends with the kind of people you really like, respect (尊敬), and admire (羡慕)—not just with those who are easy to meet. Be friendly with a lot of people. That way, you’ll have a bigger group of people to choose from and have more chances for making friends.

1. How can we have more friends, get in touch with other people or stay at home?

2. When Jim talks to people, he always looks right, left, or at the floor. Do you think it’s right? Why or why not?

3. Cindy always talks about herself when she talks to other people. What advice (it’80 do you think she needs to follow?

4. What should you do if you want to have more chances for making friends?

5. What’s the main idea of the passage?

(2)

Thanksgiving Day is a very special day for people in the United States. They celebrate it on the last Thursday in November. Canadians also celebrate Thanksgiving Day, but they do it on the second Monday of October. In Britain, where this festival is called Harvest Festival, people celebrate it earlier in the year, in September.

A harvest is the fruit you take from the trees and the crops you take from the ground. In North America and Britain, harvest time for most fruit and crops is in the autumn.

In these countries and other Christian places, people give thanks to God on a special day of the year. They thank God for the good things that have happened during the year and for the good harvest they have had. People usually take small boxes of fruit, flowers, and vegetables to their churches to show their thanks.

The first thanksgiving service (仪式) in North America took place on December 4th, 1619 when 38 English people, arrived in America to make their home in the new country. They held this service not to thank God for the harvest, but to thank God for their safe journeys. The next year, many more English people arrived. They had a bad winter, but fortunately the harvest was good. they decided to celebrate it with a big meal. They shot and killed small animals to eat and cooked everything outside on large fires. About 90 Indians also came to the meal. Everyone ate at tables outside their houses and played games together. The festival lasted three days.

A Thanksgiving Day celebration was held every year for a long time, but not always on the same day of the year. Then, in 1789, President George Washington named November 26th as the Day of Thanksgiving. In 1863, President Abraham Lincoln changed the date, and said that the last Thursday in November should be Thanksgiving Day.

Nowadays, North Americans around the world get together with their families on this day to eat good food and have a happy time.

1. Is Thanksgiving Day celebrated on the same day in North American countries?

2. When did the first thanksgiving service take place in North America?

3. Who made the last Thursday in November Thanksgiving Day in the USA?

4. What does the word “fortunately” mean in Chinese?

5. Translate the sentence "They thank God for the good things that have happened during the year and for the good harvest they have had." into Chinese.

(3)

Reading for pleasure is the easiest way to become a better reader in English. It is also the most important way.

Some students say they don’t want to read for pleasure. They say they want to use their time to learn the rules of the language and new words. They say that pleasure reading is too easy.

Many experts (专家) say pleasure reading is very important for learning English. Dr. Stephen Krashen, a famous expert on learning languages, says that pleasure reading helps you learn many important things about English. Students learn more grammar and more words when they read for pleasure. They also learn more about good writing.

Dr. Krashen tells us that pleasure reading helps each student in a different way. Each student needs to learn something different. Pleasure reading makes it possible for each student to learn what he or she needs.

Reading for pleasure is not the same as studying. When you read for pleasure, you choose your own books, and you don’t have to remember everything. There are no tests on your pleasure reading books. Pleasure reading will help you:

●learn how English speakers use English

●read faster in English

●find examples of good writing in English

●learn new words

●learn about the cultures (文化) of English speakers

1. Is pleasure reading important for learning English?

2. Which is the easier way to become a better reader, pleasure reading or studying?

3. What do some students think of pleasure reading?

4. How can we become better readers?

5. What’s the greatest advantage (优点) of pleasure reading?

【答案及解析】

(1)

1. Get in touch with other people.回答选择问句不能用Yes或No来回答,而是从选项中选择一项进行回答。本题答案由第1段前两句可知。

2. No. / I don’t think so. Because people may think he’s not interested in them. / Because he should look at people in the eye. / Because it’s impolite / not polite 可在第3段找到答案。

3. Be a good listener. / Let people talk about themselves before talking about “her, her, her.” / Listen to other people first 可根据第4段的内容来回答。

4. Be friendly with other (a lot of) people. / Try to make friends with the kind of people you really like, respect and admire—not just with those who are easy to meet. / Get out to meet other people.

5. How to make friends / To make friends / Make friends. / Making friends根据首尾段即可概括出。

(2)

1. No, it isn’t. 回答一般疑问句用Yes或No回答。

2. On December 4th, 1619. 细节题。见第3段第一句。

3. President Abraham Lincoln 细节题。见第4段最后一句。

4. 幸运地 词义猜测题。根据前后的转折关系可推测出。

5.翻译:他们感谢上帝在这一年中赐给他们的好运和给他们带来的好收成。

(3)

1. Yes, it is. 由文章的第1段第2句可知。

2. Pleasure reading. 根据最后一段的内容可知。

3. It’s too easy. / It’s not useful / helpful / important. 根据第2段的内容回答。

4. Do pleasure reading. 由第1段第1句可知。

5. We can learn what we need.由第4段可知。

表格式阅读理解题3篇

阅读下列短文,然后根据短文的内容,从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出一个最佳选项。

[篇三:新发展大学英语阅读与写作3课文翻译Kids Who Get Spanked May Have Lower Iqs打出低智商]

Kids Who Get Spanked May Have

Lower Iqs

打出低智商

By John Cloud Saturday, Sep. 26, 2009 Tom Liu译

The debate over spanking goes back many years, but the essential question often evades discussion: does spanking actually work? In the short term, yes. You can correct immediate misbehavior with a slap or two on the rear-end or hand. But what about the long-term impact? Can spanking lead to permanent, hidden scars on children years later?

关于打孩子的讨论可以追溯到好多年前,但最本质的问题往往为讨论所回避:打孩子实际上奏效吗?短期来看,是的。你能拍打一两下屁股或者手掌来立即更正孩子们的不守规矩。但长期影响呢?打孩子会在多年后给他们留下永久性的心结么?

On Friday, a sociologist from the University of New Hampshire, Murray Straus, presented a paper at the International Conference on Violence, Abuse and Trauma, in San Diego, suggesting that corporal punishment does leave a long-lasting mark — in the form of lower IQ. Straus, who is 83 and has been studying corporal punishment since 1969, found that kids who were physically punished had up to a five-point lower IQ score than kids who weren't — the more children were spanked, the lower their IQ — and that the effect could be seen not only in individual children, but across entire nations. Among 32 countries Straus studied, in those where spanking was accepted, the average IQ of the survey population was lower than in nations where spanking was rare, the researcher says.

在周五,一位来自新罕普什尔大学的社会学家默里•施特劳斯在圣地亚哥的国际会议上就暴力,虐待和精神创伤发表了一篇论文演说,表示提法确实会留下长久的烙印—表现为低下的智商。今年已经83岁的施特劳斯从1969年便开始研究体罚,发现被体罚的孩子在智商得分上比没有被体罚的孩子低了多达5点—孩子被打得越多,智商越低—这种情况不仅发生在个别孩子身上,而是遍及整个国家。在施特劳斯所研究的32个国家当中,在体罚可以被接受的国家,接受调查人口的平均智商要比体罚罕见的国家的要低,研究者如是说。

In the U.S., Straus and his colleague Mallie Paschall of the Pacific Institute for Research and uation, looked at 1,510 children — 806 kids ages 2 to 4, and 704 ages 5 to 9 — and found that roughly three-quarters had endured some kind of corporal punishment in the previous two weeks, according to interviews with the mothers. Researchers measured the children's IQ initially, then again four years later. Those kids who hadn't been spanked in the initial survey period scored significantly better on intelligence and achievement tests than those who had been hit. Among the 2-to-4-year-olds, the difference in IQ was five points; among the older kids, there was a 2.8-point gap. That association held after taking into account parental education, income and other environmental factors, says Straus.

在美国,施特劳斯和他来自太平洋研究与评估学会的同事玛丽•帕斯卡尔调查了1510个孩子—806名2到4岁,704名5到9岁—根据对妈妈们的访问,发现大概四分之三的孩子在最近两周内经受了某种体罚。研究者们测试了孩子们最初的智商,4年之后再测了一次。那些没有被打的孩子在智力和成就的首段测试中的得分明显高于那些被打的孩子。在2到4岁年龄组中,智力差距是5点;在稍大的年龄组中,差距是2.8点。这种联系是在考虑了父母的教育,收入和其他环境因素的情况下建立的,施特劳斯说道。

So how might getting spanked on the butt actually affect the workings of the brain? Straus notes that being spanked or hit is associated with fright and stress; kids who experience that kind of

trauma have a harder time focusing and learning. In another recent paper that he coauthored with Paschall, Straus writes that previous research has found that even after you control for parental education and occupation, children of parents who use corporal punishment are less likely than other kids to graduate from college.

那么为什么打在屁股上会实际影响了脑子的运转呢?施特劳斯提到,拍或打是与惊恐和逼迫相联系的;有过那类经历的孩子会更难集中精神和学习知识。在最近另一篇他与帕斯卡尔共同执笔的文章中,施特劳斯写到先前的研究发现即使抛去父母的教育和职业,那些家长会动用体罚的孩子比起其他孩子会更难从大学毕业。

Still, it's not clear if spanking causes lower cognitive ability or if lower cognitive ability might somehow lead to more spanking. It's quite possible that kids with poor reasoning skills misbehave more often and therefore elicit harsher punishment. "It could be that lower IQ causes parents to get exasperated and hit more," Straus says, although he notes that a recent Duke Universtiy study of low-income families found that toddlers' low mental ability did not predict an increase in spanking. (The study did find, however, that kids who were spanked at age 1 displayed more aggressive behavior by age 2, and scored lower on cognitive development tests by age 3.) "I believe the

relationship [between corporal punishment and IQ] is probably bidirectional," says Straus. "There has to be something the kid is doing that's wrong that leads to corporal punishment. The problem is, when the parent does that, it seems to have counterproductive results to cognitive ability in the long term."

然而,我们并不清楚到底是体罚造成了低下的认知能力还是低下的认知能力导致了更多的体罚。很有可能感知能力差的孩子更多地犯错从而引来更严厉的惩罚。“有可能低下的智商会激怒父母从而打得更多,”施特劳斯说道,纵然他提到最近一份杜克大学关于低收入家庭的研究,发现学前儿童较低的心智能力不会意味着较多的体罚。(然而该研究发现在1岁时候被体罚的孩子在2岁时会做出更多攻击性的行为,并在3岁参加认知发展测试得分更低。)“我认为这种[体罚和智商之间的]关系是双向性的,”施特劳斯说。“孩子们肯定会做一些能导致体罚的错事。现在问题是,父母打完之后在长期看来似乎会对认知能力产生反作用。”

One problem with Straus' data is that some of the parents who tended to spank may also have been engaging in actual physical abuse of their children. Researchers define corporal punishment as physical force intended to cause pain — but not injury — for the purpose of correcting a child's behavior, not simply hurting him. Studies have shown that very few parents who use corporal punishment also beat their kids, but Straus can't rule out the possibility that his data is confounded by the presence of child abuse, which past research has shown to affect victims' development. 施特劳斯的数据中存在一个问题,就是有些倾向于体罚的家长也涉嫌对他们的孩子进行实际的肉体虐待。研究者们把体罚定义为以纠正儿童行为而不是单纯打击他们为目的的一种会导致痛楚—但非伤害—有意的物理打击。研究表明很少有家长动用体罚的同时也真正地打孩子,但施特劳斯不能排除这种可能性:他的数据被已虐待儿童的情况所搅乱,过去的研究已经表明该情况会对受害者的发展产生影响。

The preponderance of evidence points away from corporal punishment, which the European

Union and the United Nations have recommended against, but the data suggest that most parents, especially those in the U.S., still spank their kids. Based on his international data, collected by surveying more than 17,000 college students in various countries, Straus found that countries with higher GDP tended to be those where corporal punishment was used less often. In the U.S., the tendency to hit also varies with income, along with geography and culture; it's most common among African-American families, Southern families, parents who were spanked as children themselves and those who identify themselves as conservative Christians.

证据优势战胜了欧联和联合国都不建议的体罚,但数据表明大多数父母,尤其是在美国的,仍会打他们的孩子。基于他调查17000多名大学生收集来的国际数据,施特劳斯发现GDP越高的国家倾向于使用越少的体罚。在美国,体罚倾向同样随着收入,地域和文化的不同而

变化;体罚在非裔美国人家庭,南方家庭,家长有童年体罚经历的家庭和那些自称传统基督教徒的家庭中更为常见。

But overall the percentage of parents who spank has been steadily declining. Straus says that in 1968, 94% of Americans told surveyors they agreed with spanking. By 2005, the proportion who said it is "sometimes O.K. to spank a child" had fallen to 72%, although most researchers believe the actual incidence of corporal punishment is higher.

但总体来说,打孩子家长的比重是在稳步下降的。施特劳斯称,在1968年94%的美国人告诉调查者他们赞成体罚。到了2005年,表示“有时候打一下孩子没问题”的受调查者比例已经降到了72%,虽然研究者认为实际的体罚发生率会高一些。

The practice has its defenders, and Straus himself admits, with chagrin in his voice, that he

spanked his own son. In the 1990s, underwent a bitter fight before finally declaring in 1998 that "corporal punishment is of limited effectiveness and has potentially deleterious side effects."

(体罚)这种做法还是有其捍卫者,就连施特劳斯自己也用懊恼的语气承认,他会打自己的儿子。在90年代,美国儿科学会在经历了一场苦战之后最终在1998年宣称“体罚效果甚微并有潜在的有害副作用。”

Sometimes spanking seems like the only way to get through to an unruly toddler. But the price for fixing his poor short-term conduct might be an even more troublesome outcome in the future. 有些时候体罚似乎是与不听话小朋友沟通的唯一方式。但这纠正他错误短期行为的代价可能是未来更加麻烦的后果。

原文出处:

[篇四:赵丽口诀整理]

1、法国人(French)把他扔进了壕沟 / 战壕(trench)里,我把他扭伤(wrench)

2、-iterate系列:

一个有文化的人(literate),爱上了重复说话(iterate),长大以后学会了掺假(adulterate),生病以后变成了文盲(illiterate),之前无文字记录(preliterate),离开后只能删除(obliterate)

3、只有lank瘦又长(lank),b在lank前变空格(blank),f在lank前是侧翼(flank),p在lank前厚木板(plank),lank变rank是排名(rank),前面加c是曲柄(crank),前面加f真坦白(frank),前面加p才是恶作剧(prank)

5、新郎有mm (groom),凹槽有ve(groove)

6、逗 (d) 他小傻瓜(dolt),叫 (j) 他是颠簸(jolt),有毛 (m) 就脱毛(molt),不行 (b) 就离开(bolt)

7、 -icate系列:

黛玉美丽脆弱(delicate),daddy奉献一生(dedicate),三角恋爱复杂(intricate),弟弟里面提示(indicate)

8、abble好象able,baby胡言乱语(babble),哥哥口齿不清(gabble),弟弟在那戏水(dabble),gobble狼吞虎咽(gobble),nibble小口吞咽(nibble)

9、含苞要谦卑(humble),贪步会跌倒(tumble)

10、fl-系列:

飞回inch为畏缩(flinch),飞来的圆木在鞭打(flog),飞在空中是本能(flair),飞来的姑姑在炫耀(flaunt),锁在一起成群飞(flock),飞到外边受蔑视(flout),飞到下边才挣扎(flounder)

11、flee为逃走,fade为褪色,fling抛石头,feeble才脆弱

12、拍卵石(peddle),入碎石(rubble),写涂鸦(scribble),好跛行(hobble)、鬼借口(quibble)

13、飞来小鹿(fawn)怕典当(pawn),小蛇在前才产卵(spawn)

14、专家爱打人(spank),天鹅爱打扮(swank)

15、妈妈不开心(mump),不要去碰她(bump),哥哥大傻瓜(gump),长个大肿块(lump),丰满才

漂亮(plump),死了才脱落(slump)

16、a部分(fraction)i摩擦(friction),部分无花是党派(faction),摩擦无花是小说(fiction)

17、图钉在前是处理(tackle),明明在前是混合(mingle),火花在前才闪烁(sparkle),开始在前才震惊(startle)

18、在海岸线(coast)上烧烤(roast),为吹嘘(boast)自己而干杯(toast)

19、哥哥听闪光(glisten),走路他读书(tread),太婆有气无力(torpor),懒鬼无精打采(languish)

20、不在灌木丛中(bush),哥哥喷涌而出(gush),喝水才会安静(hush),漂亮才会豪华(plush)

21、箱里的哥哥在狂欢(binge),为了哥哥去伪造(forge),哥哥拿着棍子进驳船(barge),拿着锡

桶去微染(tinge),有罪的哥哥被烧焦(singe),双胞胎的哥哥心里剧痛(twinge),坏哥哥却得了军功章(badge)

22、阿弗为光线在争吵(affray),赌博为光线被出卖(betray),大街上光线在迷失(stray),只好到

光线下去祈祷(pray),钩住光线的是盘子(tray),装灰的盘子是烟灰缸(ashtray)

23、家有提篮(hamper)他篡改(tamper),篡改无人是纵容(tamp),纵容加花是踩实(tramp)

24、弟弟慢说(drawl)不争吵(brawl),专家平躺(sprawl)他拖网(trawl)

25、-ulate系列:

25、成年之后才谄媚(adulate),否定以后起波澜(undulate),模式变调才调音(modulate),拖拖

拉拉才发芽(pullulate)

27、微风breeze,冰冻freeze,挤来挤去squeeze

28、弟弟做苦工(drudge),哥哥表抱怨(grudge),罚他去跋涉(trudge)

29、小溪(stream)无花是蒸汽(steam),蒸汽无他是缝隙(seam)

30、敲击(rap)他掉陷阱(trap),蛇做皮带-捆住他(strap)

31、弟弟里边提示(indicate),离开只能放弃(abdicate)

32、线路圆的才循环(circulate),只有可靠才计算(calculate),表达清楚有艺术(articulate),投机

特别靠推测(speculate)

33、 -ulate系列:

张贴海报要推测(postulate),里面有蛇才绝缘(insulate),哥哥老鼠来祝贺(gratulate),人类IP要控制(manipulate)

34、不吹动(blow),飞流动(flow),哥发光(glow),洞中空(hollow)

35、我老去山地(wold),妈妈做模具(mold),飞入旧羊栏(fold)

36、我女巫(witch),掉水沟(ditch),披投掷(pitch),高被钩(hitch)

37、表达清楚有艺术(articulate),骂人有污点(maculate)

38、试验的木板(slab),缺乏的马虎(slack),落后的煤渣(slag)躺下残杀(slay),晚来的提名(slate),

跌落的肿块(slump)

39、他倾斜(tilt),我枯萎(wilt),蛇入淤泥(silt)皆抛弃(jilt)

40、一个大门是玛瑙(agate),GRE大门在汇总(aggregate),街道里面在煽动(instigate),向前翻

页才繁殖(propagate),门前有烟是消毒(fumigate),向前飞离挥如土(profligate),共同束缚(colligate)送缓和(mitigate)

41、易怒的是桌子(irritable),灌溉的是大门(irrigate),扔掉大门受惩罚(castigate),那六个大门

在航行(navigate),投资大门为调查(investigate)

42、前面唱歌的是海鸥(gull),海鸥喝水用硬壳(hull),拉住海鸥快安静(lull),飞到山后去思考

(mull),海鸥不同意变公牛(bull),打它一下变白痴(dull),只好重新去挑选(cull)

43、不简洁(brief),哥悲伤(grief),阿姨平躺为缓解(relief)

44、只有er是轻率(temerity),p气缓和和煅炼(temper),加a变成颜料蛋(tempera),再加馒头气质变(temperamental),去掉馒头加te,自制-温和和适度(temperate),去掉速度加街道,动乱-骚动-暴风雨(tempest)

45、成年在前才掺假(adulterate),每天吃ve成习惯(inveterate)

46、喝水的巫婆(hag)那个唠叨(nag),娃娃摇摆(wag)她追随(tag)

47、吊胃口(dangle),我得到(wangle),花争吵(wrangle),它混乱(tangle),专家在前才闪光(spangle)

48、只有rim是边缘(rim),前面加b含义不变(brim),前面加鬼真恐怖(grim),前面加p才是端庄整洁(prim)

49、六个mm精力充沛(vim),卖了mm变成残废(maim),mm的家里塞满果酱(jam)

50、只有inch是英寸(inch),飞回一寸为畏缩(flinch),拍进一寸用手捏(pinch),吃掉一寸才发芽(inchoate)

51、小蛇在前永远严厉(severe),小花在前永远尊敬(revere)

52、-le系列:

做做在前是乱写/涂鸦(doodle),种类在前是点燃(kindle),蛇儿乘风来骗取(swindle),弟弟随风日渐少(dwindle)

53、离开爱的要忍耐(abide),不爱你的要等待(bide)

54、一条卷发(curl)他简短(curt),不要控制(curb)到凝乳(curd)

55、Lucy刻苦攻读(lucubrate),卡里调整校对(calibrate),亚当心理阴影(adumbrate),窝转脊椎动物(vertebrate)

56、一个搅动不安(agitate),爱花花儿愤怒(irritate),离开浮于空中(levitate),啪啪心儿跳动(palpitate)

57、有花的是兄弟(brother),没花的是打扰(bother),兄弟无人是肉汤(broth),肉汤倒过来是悸

动(throb)

58、爱得痛了(agony),痛得哭了(sob),哭得清醒了(sober),看见妹妹又阴郁了(somber)

59、不要光线要争吵(fray),去掉争吵要付出(defray),争吵加O是突袭(foray),或者变L是剥皮(flay)

60、由他里面开始吃(initiate),一再填充才相关(affiliate),向下五度才偏离(deviate),一再离开得减轻(alleviate)

61、重画只能放弃(relinquish),完成才会征服(vanquish),生气才会痛苦(anguish),懒鬼才会衰弱(languish)

62、表达清楚有艺术(articulate),骂人有污点(maculate),一加就喷出(ejaculate),一骂死割除(emasculate)

63、生病的屁股攻击你(assail),快鹅病痛生畏惧(quail),旅游生病真痛苦(travail),我为生病而恸哭(wail)

64、愤怒bile,适婚女孩nubile,娴熟habile,不稳易变labile

65、只有last 持续-最后(last),无法持续只能爆炸(blast),炸开了岩石成碎片(clast),前添后加才变灵活(elastic)

66、布莱迷失是污点(blemish),虽然不多也很脏(blot),见不到光就枯萎(blight),不持续就爆炸

(blast),炸坏了腿别怪我(blame)

67、-le系列:

locale为现场(locale),我怕被刺穿(impale),边上侧边行(slide),抱狗不敢前(boggle)

68、600加花粗鄙人(boor),600条街道往前推(boost),60个阿姨真烦人(bore),600个MM真繁荣(boom)

69、外边的阿姨真奇怪(outre),6个阿姨勾引你(lure),借助阿姨进牛栏(byre),阿姨套你是反驳(retort)

70、只有race是比赛(race),baby比赛用背带(brace),哥哥比赛真优雅(grace),跟他比赛是追踪(trace)

71、夹克(jacket)怕包裹(packet),花形球拍(racket)不能做支架(bracket)

72、轻快带来危险(brisk),草率带来灰尘(brash),辫子带来帮助(braid),边缘带来墨水(brink),

品牌带来and(brand),影响带来unt(brunt),吹牛每一个裂口(breach),脆弱带来little(brittle)

73、割公牛膨胀(bulge),看体积(bulk)不是灯泡(bulb),买个圈做浮标(buoy)

74、外科医生(surgeon)不萌芽(burgeon),鸽子有猪(pigeon)蹲地牢(dungeon),跑到泥里真生气

(curmudgeon),故意钓到白杨鱼(gudgeon)

75、半身雕像bust,灰尘dust,阵风吹来gust,欲望小妹lust

76、快死的柳树病枯黄(sallow),放在大厅真神圣(hallow),墙边的小猪在打滚(wallow),飞来飞

去真休闲(fallow)

77、嘴唇可修剪(clip),离开可分裂(cleave),圆木可阻碍(clog),可变多阻塞(clot)

78、作茧自缚cocoon,浅吟低唱croon,孤独无助maroon,胆小懦夫poltroon,捕鲸鱼叉harpoon,

讽刺文章lampoon

79、e来就得意(elate),离开就切除(ablate),出口在通风(ventilate),向前变椭圆(prolate),两边

在扩散(dilate),共同来核对(collate)

80、共同套他为曲解(contort),共同踹他为悔恨(contrite),共同带来为协商(confer),共同坚定

为确认(confirm),共同发现易搞混(confound),共同做过为宽恕(condone),共同夹死为拥挤(congest),共同给予为默许(connive)

81、大街上下雨为拉紧(strain),共同拉紧是束缚(constrain),拉紧少花是污点(stain),反复拉紧

是限制(restrain)

82、盖他为秘密(covert),少花是贪求(covet),c去是公开(overt),他去就结束(over)

83、宇宙花钱买摩丝(cosmos),好战花钱买铜铃(bellicose),你我花钱买衣服(costume),固定花

费为宠爱(cosset),有钱人花钱买鸵鸟(ostrich),就爱花钱开玩笑(jocose)

84、cr-系列:

老鼠系领带(cravat),母牛胆小鬼(cower),胖人手艺好(craft),吃饭板条箱(crate),看见一蠢驴(crass),排名真古怪(crank),妹妹抱佛脚(cram),容易生皱纹(crease),编辑才信任(credit)

85、乌鸦(crow)你加冕(crown),山顶可休息(crest),沙发(couch)有花弯腰捡(crouch),趴下匍匐

(creep)看小溪(creek)

86、飞来戒指落边缘(fringe),看到戒指就谄媚(cringe),专家拿戒指设圈套(springe),小p变y注射器(syringe)

87、飞来小鹿(fawn)怕典当(pawn),小蛇在前才产卵(spawn),不要肌肉(brawn)来草坪(lawn),

打个哈欠(yawn)到黎明(dawn)

88、大胆的(bold)秃驴(bald),不要无耻的(ribald)露肋骨(rib)

89、de…ate系列:

价值在贬值(depreciate),神圣在玷污(desecrate),声音会爆炸(detonate),自由才谨慎(deliberate),魔鬼在游行(demonstrate),大量被毁坏(devastate),六个才偏离(deviate),种族被根除(deracinate)

90、删掉大门为代表(delegate),下边锯掉为镇压(subjugate),同入大门起波澜(corrugate),潜水

大门在漂泊(divagate),你的大门在取消(negate),油炸大门护航舰(frigate)

91、e…ate系列:

人类的发源(emanate),Lucy的阐明(elucidate),虚弱的神经(enervate),数字的列举(enumerate),等级的上升(escalate),彻底的根除(eradicate)

92、MM全部逛商店(mall),街道全部有书店(stall),里面书店在安装(install),喝水全部到大厅

(hall),哥哥全部有胆量(gall),弟弟全部在闲荡(dally),专家全部变碎片(spall)

93、小花生病变小河(rill),哥哥河边来烤肉(grill),妹妹河边在尖叫(shrill),弟弟河边钻孔忙(drill)

94、外国人(foreign)或者假装(feign)低头屈服(deign)于雨的统治(reign)

95、色缺就退隐(sequester),禁止过栏杆(banister),四你不吉祥(sinister),关进修道院(cloister),

六百支持者(buster庞然大物),旋转老处女(spinster)

96、公牛在前在恐吓(bully),填进一匹小母马(filly),小花全部在聚集(rally),老俞全部支持者

(ally),哥哥全部真恐怖(gally),打来打去在戏弄(dally)

97、生气的边缘(flange),火光在摇曳(flare),问到了烧瓶(flask),姑姑在炫耀(flaunt),法律的瑕疵(flaw),98、出去才蔑视(flout),我们的面粉(flour),下边深陷(flounder),后来的恭维(flatter),残废的火焰(flame)

99、口音在加重(accentuate),四牛在弯曲(sinuate),一挖就撤离(evacuate),十点变稀释

(attenuate),向外才掩饰(extenuate),流动才波动(fluctuate)

100、完全的utter,黄油的butter,翅膀拍动flutter

101、六朵花剧毒(virulent),离开真充足(opulent),特别容易碎(?),卡车真凶残(truculent),不

要不诚实(fraudulent),成功多汁水(succulent),退出可食用(esculent)

102、哥哥学习要收集(glean),哥哥离去小故障(glitch),哥哥速度会烦躁(grate),哥哥成熟会抱怨(gripe)

103、里面惰性(inert)怕敏捷(pert),向外作用才施加(exert)

104、爱速度愤怒(irate),O速度演讲(orate),怕速度闲聊(prate),既怕又爱才盗版(pirate) 105、a居住(inhabit),i禁止(inhibit),禁止向外为展览(exhibit)

夹死提手势(gesticulate),不爱防注射(inoculate),拍下盗公款(peculate),向外同接触(osculate)

107、桌前不可入(inscrutable高深莫测的),可入到tiny(scrutiny详细审查),金桌活画面(tableau),

金盘是高原(plateau),金哥占卜者(augur),e加螺丝钻(auger)

108、里面四牛在暗示(insinuate),前面mate灵长类(primate)

109、里面书店在安装(install),里面仍然在滴注(instill)

110、中间有门是监禁(intern),我在中间是暂时(interim),中间说话要禁止(interdict),中间有玩

是休息(interlude)

111、-date系列:

坐那约会要安定(sedate),蚂蚁约会要提前(antedate),男生约会下命令(mandate),里面否定才淹没(inundate)

112、家里有罐子(jar),罐里有戒指(jarring刺耳的),罐子里行走用暗语(jargon),带冰远足(jaunt)

是偏见(jaundice)

113、一个MM送秋波(leer),五个MM换话题(veer),街道MM在驾驶(steer),缺人就会变疯

狂(queer),鄙视读作sneer,外表读作veneer

114、 -est系列:

男生如果明白(manifest),最快乐的是说笑(jest),Z形上升才刺激(zest),用毛乐死骚扰人(molest),向前挖掘最简化(predigest)

115、泥土谦卑(humble),翻布寻找(fumble),就混杂(jumble)

116、一个烂死的鱼叉(lance),因无茶而冷淡(nonchalance),一个娘娘腔的男人(nance),证明艺

术的出处(provenance),钢笔记下惩罚(penance),命令变成大炮(ordnance),分开如此不和谐(dissonance),牛的细微差别(nuance)

117、用树皮(bark),做方舟(ark),蛇在公园玩火花(spark),一只百灵(lark嬉耍戏弄)车担忧(cark) 118、死猫他烧焦(scathe),我吃花盘旋(wreathe),拉开这车床(lathe),O床生厌倦(loathe),来

这真柔软(lithe),不来变快乐(blithe)

119、不是永远的饮料(beverage),花是永远的幻想(reverie),蛇是永远的脱离(sever),驴是永远

的断言(asseverate)

120、不是肢体(limb)你描绘(limn),怕跛行(limp)它有限(limit)

121、猛烈责骂是速度(berate),蕾丝速度会伤害(lacerate),伤害妹妹会消瘦(macerate浸软),吃

过离开真恐怖(macabre)

122、拥有小门避难所(haven),里面有老妈是内行(maven),你个内行淡紫色(mauve),去掉ve

带伤害(maul),伤害德林易流泪(maudlin感情脆弱的)

123、缺乏钥匙是小卒(lackey卑躬屈膝者),变为中间就混合(medley),全部小卒在小巷(alley),

各种小巷有厨房(galley船上厨房),珍珠无e在和谈(parley),脱毛倒置又混杂(motley) 124、我们焊接(weld)我合并(meld),因i焊接是操纵(wield)

125、小样他闲聊(tattle),我在争斗志(mettle),网络添麻烦(nettle),谁在削木头(whittle),扔掉掐死你(throttle)

126、raff(大量)淫雨霏霏,他日关税重重(tariff),雪上轻舟飞过(skiff),quaff豪情痛饮 127、你毛在呻吟(moan),他毛入壕沟(moat)

128、微尘是mote,溺爱是dote,死记硬背才rote

129、坏哥得徽章(badge),他在做树篱(hedge),不让牛轻推(nudge),我们挤进去(wedge),十个

小木屋(?),做完就离开(dodge)

树上结蜜糖(treacle),或者发神谕(oracle),男生戴手铐(manacle),债多会崩溃(debacle) 131、傲了猫头鹰(owl),思考才皱眉(scowl),怎样才咆哮(howl),生长变吼叫(growl)

132、苍白尝试是琐碎(paltry),全部尝试食品室(pantry),森林尝试是哨兵(sentry),过去尝试是

糕点(pastry),巨大尝试是偏狭(?)

[篇五:download-赵丽口诀]

说明:括号中红色部分为口诀记忆的单词,口诀中蓝色部分即是对应的解释!!!

法国人(French)把他扔进了壕沟 / 战壕(trench)里,我把他扭伤(wrench)

-iterate系列:

一个有文化的人(literate),爱上了重复说话(iterate),长大以后学会了掺假(adulterate),生病以后变成了文盲(illiterate),之前无文字记录(preliterate),离开后只能删除(obliterate)

只有lank瘦又长(lank),b在lank前变空格(blank),f在lank前是侧翼(flank),p在lank前厚木板(plank),lank变rank是排名(rank),前面加c是曲柄(crank),前面加f真坦白(frank),前面加p才是恶作剧(prank)

新郎有mm (groom),凹槽有ve(groove)

逗 (d) 他小傻瓜(dolt),叫 (j) 他是颠簸(jolt),有毛 (m) 就脱毛(molt),不行 (b) 就离开(bolt)

-icate系列:

黛玉美丽脆弱(delicate),daddy奉献一生(dedicate),三角恋爱复杂(intricate),弟弟里面提示(indicate)

abble好象able,baby胡言乱语(babble),哥哥口齿不清(gabble),弟弟在那戏水(dabble),gobble狼吞虎咽(gobble),nibble小口吞咽(nibble)

含苞要谦卑(humble),贪步会跌倒(tumble)

fl-系列:

飞回inch为畏缩(flinch),飞来的圆木在鞭打(flog),飞在空中是本能(flair),飞来的姑姑在炫耀(flaunt),锁在一起成群飞(flock),飞到外边受蔑视(flout),飞到下边才挣扎(flounder)

flee为逃走,fade为褪色,fling抛石头,feeble才脆弱

拍卵石(peddle),入碎石(rubble),写涂鸦(scribble),好跛行(hobble)、鬼借口(quibble)

飞来小鹿(fawn)怕典当(pawn),小蛇在前才产卵(spawn)

专家爱打人(spank),天鹅爱打扮(swank)

妈妈不开心(mump),不要去碰她(bump),哥哥大傻瓜(gump),长个大肿块(lump),丰满才漂亮(plump),死了才脱落(slump)

a部分(fraction)i摩擦(friction),部分无花是党派(faction),摩擦无花是小说(fiction)

图钉在前是处理(tackle),明明在前是混合(mingle),火花在前才闪烁(sparkle),开始在前才震惊(startle)

在海岸线(coast)上烧烤(roast),为吹嘘(boast)自己而干杯(toast)

哥哥听闪光(glisten),走路他读书(tread),太婆有气无力(torpor),懒鬼无精打采(languish)

不在灌木丛中(bush),哥哥喷涌而出(gush),喝水才会安静(hush),漂亮才会豪华(plush)

箱里的哥哥在狂欢(binge),为了哥哥去伪造(forge),哥哥拿着棍子进驳船(barge),拿着锡桶去微染(tinge),有罪的哥哥被烧焦(singe),双胞胎的哥哥心里剧痛(twinge),坏哥哥却得了军功章(badge)

阿弗为光线在争吵(affray),赌博为光线被出卖(betray),大街上光线在迷失(stray),只好到光线下去祈祷(pray),钩住光线的是盘子(tray),装灰的盘子是烟灰缸(ashtray)

家有提篮(hamper)他篡改(tamper),篡改无人是纵容(tamp),纵容加花是踩实(tramp)

弟弟慢说(drawl)不争吵(brawl),专家平躺(sprawl)他拖网(trawl)

-ulate系列:

成年之后才谄媚(adulate),否定以后起波澜(undulate),模式变调才调音(modulate),拖拖拉拉才发芽(pullulate)

微风breeze,冰冻freeze,挤来挤去squeeze

弟弟做苦工(drudge),哥哥表抱怨(grudge),罚他去跋涉(trudge)

小溪(stream)无花是蒸汽(steam),蒸汽无他是缝隙(seam)

敲击(rap)他掉陷阱(trap),蛇做皮带-捆住他(strap)

弟弟里边提示(indicate),离开只能放弃(abdicate)

线路圆的才循环(circulate),只有可靠才计算(calculate),表达清楚有艺术(articulate),投机特别靠推测(speculate)

-ulate系列:

张贴海报要推测(postulate),里面有蛇才绝缘(insulate),哥哥老鼠来祝贺(gratulate),人类IP要控制(manipulate)

不吹动(blow),飞流动(flow),哥发光(glow),洞中空(hollow)

我老去山地(wold),妈妈做模具(mold),飞入旧羊栏(fold)

我女巫(witch),掉水沟(ditch),披投掷(pitch),高被钩(hitch)

表达清楚有艺术(articulate),骂人有污点(maculate)

试验的木板(slab),缺乏的马虎(slack),落后的煤渣(slag)躺下残杀(slay),晚来的提名(slate),跌落的肿块(slump)

他倾斜(tilt),我枯萎(wilt),蛇入淤泥(silt)皆抛弃(jilt)

一个大门是玛瑙(agate),GRE大门在汇总(aggregate),街道里面在煽动(instigate),向前翻页才繁殖(propagate),门前有烟是消毒(fumigate),向前飞离挥如土(profligate),共同束缚(colligate)送缓和(mitigate)

易怒的是桌子(irritable),灌溉的是大门(irrigate),扔掉大门受惩罚(castigate),那六个大门在航行(navigate),投资大门为调查(investigate)

前面唱歌的是海鸥(gull),海鸥喝水用硬壳(hull),拉住海鸥快安静(lull),飞到山后去思考(mull),海鸥不同意变公牛(bull),打它一下变白痴(dull),只好重新去挑选(cull)

不简洁(brief),哥悲伤(grief),阿姨平躺为缓解(relief)

只有er是轻率(temerity),p气缓和和煅炼(temper),加a变成颜料蛋(tempera),再加馒头气质变(temperamental),去掉馒头加te,自制-温和和适度(temperate),去掉速度加街道,动乱-骚动-暴风雨(tempest)

成年在前才掺假(adulterate),每天吃ve成习惯(inveterate)

喝水的巫婆(hag)那个唠叨(nag),娃娃摇摆(wag)她追随(tag)

吊胃口(dangle),我得到(wangle),花争吵(wrangle),它混乱(tangle),专家在前才闪光(spangle)

只有rim是边缘(rim),前面加b含义不变(brim),前面加鬼真恐怖(grim),前面加p才是端庄整洁(prim)

六个mm精力充沛(vim),卖了mm变成残废(maim),mm的家里塞满果酱(jam)

只有inch是英寸(inch),飞回一寸为畏缩(flinch),拍进一寸用手捏(pinch),吃掉一寸才发芽(inchoate)

小蛇在前永远严厉(severe),小花在前永远尊敬(revere)

-le系列:

做做在前是乱写/涂鸦(doodle),种类在前是点燃(kindle),蛇儿乘风来骗取(swindle),弟弟随风日渐少(dwindle)

离开爱的要忍耐(abide),不爱你的要等待(bide)

一条卷发(curl)他简短(curt),不要控制(curb)到凝乳(curd)

Lucy刻苦攻读(lucubrate),卡里调整校对(calibrate),亚当心理阴影(adumbrate),窝转脊椎动物(vertebrate)

一个搅动不安(agitate),爱花花儿愤怒(irritate),离开浮于空中(levitate),啪啪心儿跳动(palpitate)

有花的是兄弟(brother),没花的是打扰(bother),兄弟无人是肉汤(broth),肉汤倒过来是悸动(throb)

爱得痛了(agony),痛得哭了(sob),哭得清醒了(sober),看见妹妹又阴郁了(somber)

不要光线要争吵(fray),去掉争吵要付出(defray),争吵加O是突袭(foray),或者变L是剥皮(flay)

由他里面开始吃(initiate),一再填充才相关(affiliate),向下五度才偏离(deviate),一再离开得减轻(alleviate)

重画只能放弃(relinquish),完成才会征服(vanquish),生气才会痛苦(anguish),懒鬼才会衰弱(languish)

表达清楚有艺术(articulate),骂人有污点(maculate),一加就喷出(ejaculate),一骂死割除(emasculate)

生病的屁股攻击你(assail),快鹅病痛生畏惧(quail),旅游生病真痛苦(travail),我为生病而恸哭(wail)

愤怒bile,适婚女孩nubile,娴熟habile,不稳易变labile

只有last 持续-最后(last),无法持续只能爆炸(blast),炸开了岩石成碎片(clast),前添后加才变灵活(elastic)

布莱迷失是污点(blemish),虽然不多也很脏(blot),见不到光就枯萎(blight),不持续就爆炸(blast),炸坏了腿别怪我(blame)

-le系列:

locale为现场(locale),我怕被刺穿(impale),边上侧边行(slide),抱狗不敢前(boggle)

600加花粗鄙人(boor),600条街道往前推(boost),60个阿姨真烦人(bore),600个MM真繁荣(boom)

外边的阿姨真奇怪(outre),6个阿姨勾引你(lure),借助阿姨进牛栏(byre),阿姨套你是反驳(retort)

只有race是比赛(race),baby比赛用背带(brace),哥哥比赛真优雅(grace),跟他比赛是追踪(trace)

夹克(jacket)怕包裹(packet),花形球拍(racket)不能做支架(bracket)

轻快带来危险(brisk),草率带来灰尘(brash),辫子带来帮助(braid),边缘带来墨水(brink),品牌带来and(brand),影响带来unt(brunt),吹牛每一个裂口(breach),脆弱带来little(brittle)

割公牛膨胀(bulge),看体积(bulk)不是灯泡(bulb),买个圈做浮标(buoy)

外科医生(surgeon)不萌芽(burgeon),鸽子有猪(pigeon)蹲地牢(dungeon),跑到泥里真生气(curmudgeon),故意钓到白杨鱼(gudgeon)

半身雕像bust,灰尘dust,阵风吹来gust,欲望小妹lust

快死的柳树病枯黄(sallow),放在大厅真神圣(hallow),墙边的小猪在打滚(wallow),飞来飞去真休闲(fallow)

嘴唇可修剪(clip),离开可分裂(cleave),圆木可阻碍(clog),可变多阻塞(clot)

作茧自缚cocoon,浅吟低唱croon,孤独无助maroon,胆小懦夫poltroon,捕鲸鱼叉harpoon,讽刺文章lampoon

e来就得意(elate),离开就切除(ablate),出口在通风(ventilate),向前变椭圆(prolate),两边在扩散(dilate),共同来核对(collate)

共同套他为曲解(contort),共同踹他为悔恨(contrite),共同带来为协商(confer),共同坚定为确认(confirm),共同发现易搞混(confound),共同做过为宽恕(condone),共同夹死为拥挤(congest),共同给予为默许(connive)

大街上下雨为拉紧(strain),共同拉紧是束缚(constrain),拉紧少花是污点(stain),反复拉紧是限制(restrain)

盖他为秘密(covert),少花是贪求(covet),c去是公开(overt),他去就结束(over)

宇宙花钱买摩丝(cosmos),好战花钱买铜铃(bellicose),你我花钱买衣服(costume),固定花费为宠爱(cosset),有钱人花钱买鸵鸟(ostrich),就爱花钱开玩笑(jocose)

cr-系列:

老鼠系领带(cravat),母牛胆小鬼(cower),胖人手艺好(craft),吃饭板条箱(crate),看见一蠢驴(crass),排名真古怪(crank),妹妹抱佛脚(cram),容易生皱纹(crease),编辑才信任(credit)

乌鸦(crow)你加冕(crown),山顶可休息(crest),沙发(couch)有花弯腰捡(crouch),趴下匍匐(creep)看小溪(creek)

飞来戒指落边缘(fringe),看到戒指就谄媚(cringe),专家拿戒指设圈套(springe),小p变y注射器(syringe)

飞来小鹿(fawn)怕典当(pawn),小蛇在前才产卵(spawn),不要肌肉(brawn)来草坪(lawn),打个哈欠(yawn)到黎明(dawn)

大胆的(bold)秃驴(bald),不要无耻的(ribald)露肋骨(rib)

de…ate系列:

价值在贬值(depreciate),神圣在玷污(desecrate),声音会爆炸(detonate),自由才谨慎(deliberate),魔鬼在游行(demonstrate),大量被毁坏(devastate),六个才偏离(deviate),种族被根除(deracinate)

删掉大门为代表(delegate),下边锯掉为镇压(subjugate),同入大门起波澜(corrugate),潜水大门在漂泊(divagate),你的大门在取消(negate),油炸大门护航舰(frigate)

e…ate系列:

人类的发源(emanate),Lucy的阐明(elucidate),虚弱的神经(enervate),数字的列举(enumerate),等级的上升(escalate),彻底的根除(eradicate)

MM全部逛商店(mall),街道全部有书店(stall),里面书店在安装(install),喝水全部到大厅(hall),哥哥全部有胆量(gall),弟弟全部在闲荡(dally),专家全部变碎片(spall)

小花生病变小河(rill),哥哥河边来烤肉(grill),妹妹河边在尖叫(shrill),弟弟河边钻孔忙(drill)

外国人(foreign)或者假装(feign)低头屈服(deign)于雨的统治(reign)

色缺就退隐(sequester),禁止过栏杆(banister),四你不吉祥(sinister),关进修道院(cloister),六百支持者(buster庞然大物),旋转老处女(spinster)

公牛在前在恐吓(bully),填进一匹小母马(filly),小花全部在聚集(rally),老俞全部支持者(ally),哥哥全部真恐怖(gally),打来打去在戏弄(dally)

生气的边缘(flange),火光在摇曳(flare),问到了烧瓶(flask),姑姑在炫耀(flaunt),法律的瑕疵(flaw),出去才蔑视(flout),我们的面粉(flour),下边深陷(flounder),后来的恭维(flatter),残废的火焰(flame)

口音在加重(accentuate),四牛在弯曲(sinuate),一挖就撤离(evacuate),十点变稀释(attenuate),向外才掩饰(extenuate),流动才波动(fluctuate)

完全的utter,黄油的butter,翅膀拍动flutter

六朵花剧毒(virulent),离开真充足(opulent),特别容易碎(?),卡车真凶残(truculent),不要不诚实(fraudulent),成功多汁水(succulent),退出可食用(esculent)

哥哥学习要收集(glean),哥哥离去小故障(glitch),哥哥速度会烦躁(grate),哥哥成熟会抱怨(gripe)

里面惰性(inert)怕敏捷(pert),向外作用才施加(exert)

爱速度愤怒(irate),O速度演讲(orate),怕速度闲聊(prate),既怕又爱才盗版(pirate)

a居住(inhabit),i禁止(inhibit),禁止向外为展览(exhibit)

-culate系列:

夹死提手势(gesticulate),不爱防注射(inoculate),拍下盗公款(peculate),向外同接触(osculate)

桌前不可入(inscrutable高深莫测的),可入到tiny(scrutiny详细审查),金桌活画面(tableau),金盘是高原(plateau),金哥占卜者(augur),e加螺丝钻(auger)

里面四牛在暗示(insinuate),前面mate灵长类(primate)

里面书店在安装(install),里面仍然在滴注(instill)

中间有门是监禁(intern),我在中间是暂时(interim),中间说话要禁止(interdict),中间有玩是休息(interlude)

-date系列:

坐那约会要安定(sedate),蚂蚁约会要提前(antedate),男生约会下命令(mandate),里面否定才淹没(inundate)

家里有罐子(jar),罐里有戒指(jarring刺耳的),罐子里行走用暗语(jargon),带冰远足(jaunt)是偏见(jaundice)

一个MM送秋波(leer),五个MM换话题(veer),街道MM在驾驶(steer),缺人就会变疯狂(queer),鄙视读作sneer,外表读作veneer

-est系列:

男生如果明白(manifest),最快乐的是说笑(jest),Z形上升才刺激(zest),用毛乐死骚扰人(molest),向前挖掘最简化(predigest)

泥土谦卑(humble),翻布寻找(fumble),就混杂(jumble)

一个烂死的鱼叉(lance),因无茶而冷淡(nonchalance),一个娘娘腔的男人(nance),证明艺术的出处(provenance),钢笔记下惩罚(penance),命令变成大炮(ordnance),分开如此不和谐(dissonance),牛的细微差别(nuance)

用树皮(bark),做方舟(ark),蛇在公园玩火花(spark),一只百灵(lark嬉耍戏弄)车担忧(cark)

死猫他烧焦(scathe),我吃花盘旋(wreathe),拉开这车床(lathe),O床生厌倦(loathe),来这真柔软(lithe),不来变快乐(blithe)

不是永远的饮料(beverage),花是永远的幻想(reverie),蛇是永远的脱离(sever),驴是永远的断言(asseverate)

不是肢体(limb)你描绘(limn),怕跛行(limp)它有限(limit)

猛烈责骂是速度(berate),蕾丝速度会伤害(lacerate),伤害妹妹会消瘦(macerate浸软),吃过离开真恐怖(macabre)

拥有小门避难所(haven),里面有老妈是内行(maven),你个内行淡紫色(mauve),去掉ve带伤害(maul),伤害德林易流泪(maudlin感情脆弱的)

缺乏钥匙是小卒(lackey卑躬屈膝者),变为中间就混合(medley),全部小卒在小巷(alley),各种小巷有厨房(galley船上厨房),珍珠无e在和谈(parley),脱毛倒置又混杂(motley)

我们焊接(weld)我合并(meld),因i焊接是操纵(wield)

小样他闲聊(tattle),我在争斗志(mettle),网络添麻烦(nettle),谁在削木头(whittle),扔掉掐死你(throttle)

raff(大量)淫雨霏霏,他日关税重重(tariff),雪上轻舟飞过(skiff),quaff豪情痛饮

你毛在呻吟(moan),他毛入壕沟(moat)

微尘是mote,溺爱是dote,死记硬背才rote

坏哥得徽章(badge),他在做树篱(hedge),不让牛轻推(nudge),我们挤进去(wedge),十个小木屋(?),做完就离开(dodge)

-acle系列:

树上结蜜糖(treacle),或者发神谕(oracle),男生戴手铐(manacle),债多会崩溃(debacle)

傲了猫头鹰(owl),思考才皱眉(scowl),怎样才咆哮(howl),生长变吼叫(growl)

苍白尝试是琐碎(paltry),全部尝试食品室(pantry),森林尝试是哨兵(sentry),过去尝试是糕点(pastry),巨大尝试是偏狭(bigotry)

[篇六:double lectures]

[篇七:过渡性词语]

商丘第一高级中学 2012-2013学年上学期 高三英语复习学案 过渡性词语 编制:陈 浩 审核:梁永峰 教研组长:

【芝麻开门】

过渡性词语是一种关系指引词,不仅能承上启下,还能转折上下文的语气,充分显示句与句之间的逻辑关系,能贯通思想的脉络,使段落思想表达得清晰、流畅。过渡性词语的种类很多,须根据上下文的内容选择使用。

过渡性词语在一篇文章中的作用举足轻重,一篇文章中句与句、段落与段落之间各种关系的体现都离不开过渡性词语,而作者贯通思想脉络,使段落思想表达清晰、流畅的“万金油”也是非过渡性词语莫属了!

It is not the fine coat that makes the gentleman. 使人成为君子的并不是讲究的衣着。

英语中常用的过渡性词语可分为以下几类: 一、表示并列、递进和强调关系的过渡性词语

主要有also, again, and, and then, besides, in addition(此外), additionally(此外), furthermore(此外,而且), moreover(而且), especially(尤其), in particular(特别)等。例如:

1. Students who work part-time earn extra money; moreover, they learn a lot about the society they live in. 做兼职的学生不仅能挣些外快,而且还能多了解一些他们所处的社会。

2. Mr. Smith displeased the hostess. He smoked too much; further鄄more, he dropped ash all over the rug. 史密斯先生让女主人很不高兴,因为他烟抽得太多了,而且,还把烟灰掉了一地毯。

3. You must make clear all the people’s names who attend this meeting. In addition, you should record all the speeches during the meeting. 你必须弄清所有与会者的姓名,此外,会议期间你还要记录下所有的发言。

二、表示先后次序、时间和频次的过渡性词语

主要有firstly, secondly, lastly, finally, eventually, at first, at last, first of all, in the first place, prior

to(在……之前), formerly(从前), previously(以前), presently(目前), at present, so far, for the time being(目前), later on, then, soon, shortly, before long, afterwards(后来,在这之后), since then, thereafter(在那之后), meanwhile(其间), in the meantime(与此同时), at the same time, simultaneously(同时地), immediately, as soon as, occasionally(偶尔), frequently等。例如:

1. Prior to the Independence War, the United States was an English colony. 独立战争之前,美国是英国的殖民地。

2. You left before eleven. What did you do afterwards? 你是十一点离开的,之后你做了什么?

3. On the opening day all tickets are sold a dollar; thereafter they’ll be sold two dollars. 第一天,票价是一美元,之后将会售两美元。

4. The doctor will see you again next week. Meanwhile, you must rest as much as possible. 医生下周还会给你看病,在此期间,你必须尽可能地多休息。

5. The game will be broadcast simultaneously on TV and radio. 比赛将同时在电视和广播中进行转播。三、表示比较、对照和对比关系的过渡性词语

主要有on one hand ... on the other hand, as well as, similarly, likewise(同样地), otherwise(否则,不然;除此以外), by the same to-ken, as opposed to, by contrast, in (total) contrast to(与……相比), (be) contrary to, on the contrary, conversely(相反地,反过来), by comparison(多用于句首), by / in comparison (with sb/sth)(与……相比较)等。例如:

1. Her second marriage was likewise unhappy. 她的第二次婚姻也不幸福。

2. There was some music playing upstairs. Otherwise the house was silent. 楼上有些音乐声。除此之外,房子里静悄悄的。

3. Contrary to our expectation, the Miami Heat won the game. 与我们所期待的相反,迈阿密热火队赢了这场比赛。

4. A: It must have been terrible. 那一定很可怕。

B: On the contrary, I enjoyed very minute. 恰恰相反,我享受每一分钟。

5. The poverty of her childhood stands in total contrast to her luxurious life in Hollywood. 她在好莱坞生活的奢华与她童年时的贫穷形成了鲜明的对照。

6. By comparison, expenditure on education increased last year. 比较起来,去年的教育支出增加了。 7. The tallest buildings in London are small in comparison with New York’s skyscrapers. 与纽约的摩天大楼相比,伦敦最高的建筑也显得矮小了。 四、表示因果关系的过渡性词语

主要有because, so, because of, accordingly(相应地,因此), as a result, consequently(结果), hence = for this reason, therefore(因此), thus(以此方式,如此;因此), due to(由于), owing to(由于)等。例如: 1. The present birth rate is increasing and the death rate is decreasing. Therefore, the world’s population is growing at a frightening pace.目前,出生率上升,死亡率下降,因此世界人口数量正以惊人的速度增长。 2. I missed the train and consequently was late for school. 我错过了那趟火车,因此上学迟到了。

3. The cost of materials rose sharply last year. Accordingly, we were forced to increase our prices. 去年材料成本大幅度提高,因此我们被迫提价。

4. We did not win the game. Thus, we will not meet John’s team in next round. 我们没有赢得这场比赛。因此,我们就不能与约翰的队伍在下一轮相遇了。

5. Owing to all my classmates’ effort, our class won the competition. 由于所有同学的努力,在这次竞赛中,我们班获胜。

6. That Shelley became a poet may have been due to his mother’s influence. 雪莱成为诗人可能是由于受他母亲的影响。

五、表示列举和解释说明关系的过渡性词语

主要有a case in point(恰当的例子), namely = that is(那就是), for example, for instance, specifically, such as, in my view, as for me, as far as ... be concerned(就……而言), after all, in any case等。例如: 1. Only one person can complete the task, namely you. 只有一个人能完成这项任务,那就是你。 2. As far as I’m concerned, I don’t like that kind of skirt. 就我而言,我不喜欢那样的裙子。

六、表示让步和转折关系的过渡性词语

主要有for all this, in spite of, despite, nevertheless(尽管如此,然而), even though, although,

nonetheless(尽管如此), regardless of(不管), but, though, whereas(用以比较或对比两个事实,表示"然而"), however, even so等。例如:

1. Defeat was obvious; even so, the players continued to try their best to win. 尽管已很明显落败了,但队员们仍全力以赴。

2. In spite of all his efforts he failed. 尽管他很努力,他仍旧失败了。

3. Some of the studies show positive results, whereas others do not. 一些研究显示了肯定的结果,而另一些却不然。

4. He’s charming; nevertheless, I don’t quite trust him. 尽管他很迷人,可是我却不十分信任他。 七、总结、重复和概述性的过渡性词语

主要有generally speaking, in general, in brief(简言之,总而言之), in short, in summary, in conclusion, in essence, in other words, to sum up, to summarize, all in all(从各方面考虑,总的说来), by and large(总体上), boil down to sth(归结为……), on the whole, as has been noted, as we have seen, as mentioned earlier等。例如:

1. In brief, you realized your aims. 总而言之,你实现了你的目标。 2. All in all, it had been a great success. 总的说来,那是个巨大的成功。 3. By and large, I enjoyed my time at school. 总的说来,我在学校很开心。

4. In the end, what it all boils down to is money, or the lack of it. 问题的症结是钱,或者说是缺钱。 牛刀小试

请从下列方框里的词或词组中选出最合适的一个完成句子。

on the contrary furthermore therefore in short

1. We were tired and hungry, and ______ eager to reach our destination as soon as possible.

2. When a student challenged his theory, the professor was not displeased as we expected; _______, he encouraged us to think independently.

3. That play is depressing. The plot is weird and the characterization is poor. _______, it is a failure.

答案及解析

1. therefore。句意:我们又累又饿,因此急于尽可能快地到达目的地。分析:本句的前半部分"We were tired and hungry"是后半部分"eager to reach our destination as soon as possible"的原因,因此空格部分需要一个表示因果关系的过渡词语,故选therefore,意为"因此(for that reason)"。

2. on the contrary。句意:当学生挑战这位教授的理论时,他并没有像我们预想的那样不高兴,相反他还鼓励我们要独立思考。分析:空格后"he encouraged us to think independently"表达的是与空格前"the

professor was not displeased as we expected"相对比的一种相反的情况,故选on the contrary(恰恰相反)。 3. In short。句意:那个剧本让人感到沉闷。它情节怪诞,人物塑造单一。简而言之,那是个失败的剧作。分析:空格后"it is a failure"是对前面所述情况的一个总结,故用in short,由于其被用于句首,"in"首字母要大写。

【活动教室】 Passage 1. Physical Punishment

Physical punishment has been a problem in hitting their children so they can have discipline or not hitting them because it is not right, discipline is?

3) many parents do not know or are confused in showing their children how to gain discipline, they do not know whether to hit them or not to hit them. Many people think that by hitting their children that they are showing them violence 4) other people say that if you do the children would understand that they did something wrong and would not repeat it and gain discipline. What can parents do?

First of all,parents feel that the children are theirs, and they can spank them when they misbehave. There are many factors that lead to physical punishment: parents were too young and not ready for children, parents are going through a divorce and need to take out their anger on something or someone, parents do not know another way to punish their children. These children grow up to be aggressive and often ,there are many other alternatives.

There are other alternatives to punishing the children for their bad behavior. There are less severe 7) , they can take away their television privileges, computer use, and 8) parents could take the time to sit and talk to their children about their bad behavior.

Physical punishment may cause a child psychological problems. First, if the physical punishment starts at an early age,9) , his or her self-esteem may severely negative as he or she grows up. Second, it is a life-affecting act to physically punish a child because 10)parents should think twice before they can physically punish their children. What they should think of is what problems they are causing the child in its life.

In conclusion,every parent must take consideration that the negative affects that spanking may cause a

Pride hurts, modesty benefits. 满招损,谦受益。答案与解析:

1.答案so what解析由该句结尾处的问号及and 后的what可推断空格内应为疑问词what,且为使上下文连贯顺畅,填入so what 最恰当。

2.答案or should解析此处是和上半句形成并列关系的句式,因此应重复should并加上表示选择疑问的or。

3.答案Because解析此处需要一个表原因并能够引领下文的单词,我们选用because。在这种情况下我们常会想到两个词,because 和for,通常情况下两个表“原因”的连词是可以互相代用的。because多用于表示直接原因,for可以表示原因又可以用于提出说明,语气比前者轻得多。because引导的从句一般放在主句后,有时也可放在主句前,而for引导的句子只能放在后面。另外在回答Why的问句时,只能用because而不能用for。再者,for不能跟not...but句式连用,如:(1)I did it not because I liked it but because I had to do it.(正确)(2)I did it not for I liked it but for I had to do it.(错误)

4.答案but解析该空格前后为两种截然不同的观点,故此处用表转折的but顺理成章。转折、承接性的连接词的学习和运用看似简单,实际上彼此很容易混淆,如果这部分知识掌握不扎实,就很难达到练就地道英语的目的。现在我们来比较一下相关的词语:but, however, still, nevertheless, yet这些词的词义接近,都表示转折和让步。

(1)but用来引出微弱的相反的意见,是口语常用语,如:Sally was amused, but I was very embarrassed.萨莉很开心,但我却很尴尬。

(2)however比but的词义还要弱些,并不直接引出相反的意见,因此常用作插入语,如:The most surprising thing about it, however, is that it can land anywhere.不过,答案but解析关于这架飞机最使人吃惊的事情是,它可以在任何地方着陆。

(3)still还,还是,如:It is true that winter is over; still, it is almost as cold.冬天已经过去了,这是事实,但天气还是那么冷。

(4)nevertheless的含义为即使做出完全的让步,也没有任何影响,或者说也不是决定因素,如:There was no news; nevertheless, she went on hoping.一点消息也没有,但她仍抱着希望。

(5)yet的含义为即使做出极端的让步,也不会发生期待的结果,如:He worked hard, yet, he failed.他干得很卖力,然而却失败了。A man who fears suffering is already suffering from what he fears.

害怕痛苦的人其实已经在承受他所害怕的痛苦了。

5.答案or解析在进行事物等的罗列时,我们常会用到的有and(表纯粹的并列),or(不然,否则。

意思比较丰富),还有就是单纯用逗号连接。现在我们来具体体会一下单词or。

(1)表选择,当主句的人称与数不一致时,动词随最近的主语而变化,可解释为“或,或者;还是”,如:John or you are in Class Two.约翰或你在二班。

(2)表示不明确,在翻译时不直接译出,“大约,或者”,如:two or three miles 两三里(距离) (3)引导同义词或说明语,“或者说,即”,如:late last night or rather early this morning昨晚深夜,或更确切地说今天一大早。

(4)常和else连用,“否则,要不然”,如:Make haste, or (else) you’ll be late.快点,要不然就晚了。

(5)在否定结构中否定前后二者,“不……也不”如:He cannot read or write.他既不会读也不会写。 (6)表让步,“不管……还是”,如:Rain or shine, I’ll go.不管下不下雨,我都去。

6.答案Although解析根据句意填入表“虽然……但是”的承接词最恰当。在使用although时,请大家特别注意,主句中不能再用but,但可用副词nevertheless,yet等,在多数情况下,可与though通用,也可简写成altho,但在正式文章中不宜简写。

7.答案 First解析本段的主要内容是告诉父母们如何使用更加温和的方法来教育孩子。这段条理很清楚,主要是一些教育方法的列举,因此这个空格在稍后的next一词的提示下我们可得出答案是first。

8.答案Last of all解析该段的最后一条内容,也可用finally 或The third。这是一段饱含劝解的文字,相比之下如果我们使用finally或the third就显得有些生硬,不够生动。所以last of all是我们的首选。

9.答案therefore解析此处需要一个承上启下的词,用“因此”最恰当。Therefore多用于推理,“因此,因而”,如:He was the only candidate; therefore, he was elected.他是惟一的候选人,因此他当选了。

10.答案Eventually解析修饰整句的副词,表“最后”,如:He worked so hard that eventually he made himself ill.他工作太卖力,最后自己病倒了。Adversity is a good disciple.

逆境是锻炼人的最好场所。 Passage 2.

Pros and Cons of Having Hands in the Pockets

1) let’s look at the comparisons and weigh up the results of the two anyway.

Let’s look at the cons to start with. The main con is that Mr. Pinto is against students having hands in ,he feels that it is disrespectful, for he believes that when your hands are in your pockets,you are not listening properly.

their hands in their pockets,it will lead to them masturbating. This was frowned upon at the time 4) now it is more acceptable. This may also be a contributing factor to why Mr. Pinto has made a stand against hands in the pockets. For he is old enough to have lived through and taken in these rudimentary views (no disrespect intended).

5) the pros can easily rebut the allegation of the cons. Young men as energetic as they will be are constantly requiring to do something. Think of the pockets as a restraining device to prevent fidgeting and fooling around with other students.

In this way,the pockets prevent students from being distracted from the speaker 6) the subject the comfort factor. Students claim that it is more comfortable to have their hands in their pockets when they are standing up. Heed that it is proven that people have longer attention spans, listen more attentively, and remain calmer and more relaxed when more comfortable. This leads to a greater increase in the productivity of the students’ actions or listening skills.8) it has been proven students having their hands in their pockets will make them better and more attentive listeners and prevent them from getting up to mischief. Is it better the students have their hands in their own pockets than be fooling around in someone else?

答案与解析:

1.答案Nevertheless解析本词意思是:(尽管如此)还是,仍然。作者在文章的一开头就提出了一个观点,即对于学生双手插兜的现象,赞成的态度多一些。该词起到引领全文的作用,即便我们有这样的认识,还是应该看一下具体的讨论和比较。Nevertheless有即便做出让步,影响仍很小的含义。

2.答案Still解析该词在此是一个连词,表示“但是,仍然”,如:He is dull; still he tries hard.虽然笨,可是他很刻苦。该词在句中起强调的作用。Art is long, life is short.

人生有涯艺无涯。

3.答案Also解析为承接上一段的内容,继续列举人们对于学生将手插兜的不赞成观点,这里用表示“也,还是”的词来连接上下文。当提到“也,还是”含义的词时,我们不禁会想到很多常用的同义词,除also之外还有too, likewise, besides, moreover, furthermore等,现在我们来回顾这些词的用法:所有这些副词都是介绍附加内容之用的。相比之下,also在语气上比too正式一些,试比较:He is gentle, but he is also capable of fierce intellectual combat.他很温和,但他也能够进行激烈的斗智。If you buy a car, you’ll need a parking place, too. 如果你买辆车,你还需要一个停车场。再看likewise,它比also更加正式,并可能暗示各成分之间的平等和相似,如:You forgot to mention that her parents were likewise going to attend the ceremony.你忘了提到她父母也可能去参加仪式。besides经常引出一个加强前面内容的成

分,如:I don’t feel like cooking; besides, there’s no food in the house. 我不想做饭,而且家里已经没有可吃的东西了。moreover强调要出现事物的重要性,如The cellar was dark and forbidding; moreover, I knew a family of mice had nested there. 这个地窖阴森可怕,而且我知道那有一窝老鼠。furthermore同moreover类似,常强调要出现事物的重要性,如:I don’t want you to go, furthermore, I forbid it.我不想让你去,而且我也禁止你去。

4.答案whereas解析本词意思是:然而,反之,鉴于。和十九世纪六十年代相比,现在的观点有所变化,故用连词“然而,反之”连接两个时期的看法。

5.答案However解析说过了人们对于双手插兜的反面看法后,至此该引入对这一问题的正面看法了,因此用however“不管用何种方法”引导。该段主要在说明正面作用多于负面作用。

6.答案or解析在这段中提到了和反面观点不同的看法,即青年学生双手插兜可以集中他们对关注的人或事的注意力,从而提升他们对关注对象的尊敬感。空格前后为并列关系的人和事,我们知道通常人只能在同一时间与人或物打交道,何况这里还有一种强调专一的意思存在,因此我们使用or“或者”,而不用and“和”之类的词语。A crooked stick will have a crooked shadow.

身不正,影必斜。

7.答案Then解析本词意思是:然后,之后,后来,如:I cooked the meat and then I washed the pot.我烧好肉,然后刷了锅。then表承接,跟随刚才提到的关于学生双手插兜的现象的正面分析之后出现了一系列更能佐证正面效果的结论。

8.答案As解析本词意思是:(表原因)由于,既然。文章的结尾段对全篇进行总结归纳,主要内容为:既然学生双手插兜能够收敛他们的注意力,使他们不再淘气,那么将手放入口袋不是比吊儿郎当更好吗。这里的一个词组fool around常用于口语中,意为“吊儿郎当”。

Passage 3.

Barbie Dolls and Self Image

There is a noticeable comparison 1) the poem “The Mirror” By Sylvia Plath & the article “Barbie” that appeared in the Newsday Tuesday November 18, 1997. The comparison is about how people look, and how society could reflect how you may feel about your looks.

Calamity is man’s true touchstone.

患难是人的试金石。In the poem “The Mirror”, it tells about a lady who dislikes the way she looks. She thinks of herself as being ugly. In the article,it tells how Mattel (the makers of Barbie) want to change the looks & features of Barbie.

The reason for wanting to change the looks is because the makers of Barbie made Barbie too pretty,

3) little girls may stop are real,not Barbie dolls.

,she becomes ugly to her self again.

The reason Mattel is changing the appearance of Barbie is because little girls impact on the way society 7) this could hurt someone’s self esteem, and could damage the way someone looks upon oneself. In the poem the girl tries to make her prettier, by creating artificial prettiness. 8) in the end the mirror never lies. The poem & the article compare about how the way people look and feel, and how society has a role on their lives.

答案与解析:

1.答案between解析空格前的comparison 意为就两个或多个项目是否相同、相似、相等而进行考察的过程。空格后面我们又看到了两个不同事物的出现,毋庸置疑,这里一定需要一个介词与comparison相搭配,共同表达两者之间的比较。

2.答案But解析这里but起到连接上下文的作用,主要用于引领下面的内容。

3.答案So解析由于芭比娃娃非常美丽,受到大家的宠爱,所以小孩子要效仿她的样子,这里用表顺序承接的连词so“因而,所以”。

4.答案But解析此处表示转折,这是对孩子们不吃饭而去模仿芭比娃娃的模样的做法的否定。空格后面还清晰地给出了理由,即芭比是个娃娃,言外之意她可以变成任意样子,而我们是真正的人,因此我们不能象娃娃一样。

5.答案So解析在介绍了芭比娃娃这一事件之后,紧接着向我们展示了文章开头诗歌中提到的那位女士,她为了某个目的而实施了行动,这里空格处需要的是一个承上启下表示原因的单词,我们选用so,“因此”,如:He was sick, so they were quiet.他病了,所以他们很安静。

6.答案But解析为配合句子前后意思的变化,此处用一个表转折的词来填充。本段的主要意思是,女士为了让自己看上去美丽,特意剪短了头发,并在有烛光的屋子里呆着,但是,当她出现在普通的地方时就又变得很丑了。

7. Who keeps company with the wolf will learn to howl.

近墨者黑。答案And解析为实现语气和意思的连贯,这里用一个表并列的连词。但此处and表示“和,并且”的意思并不突出,它主要起到使文章中句与句之间紧密相连的作用。

8.答案But解析此处but,“但是”,表示一种强烈的,无可争议的转折关系,也是在提醒人们事实的不可逆性。最后想请大家注意的是,我们在练习各种文章的写作时,总是把注意力集中在老师强调的文章主题要有新意等问题上,而忽略了循序渐进地练习相对简单、基础的知识,如转折、连贯等的表达法的重要性。事实上,文章的主干部分是最重要的,而要想做好这些工作,全靠我们的基本功。只有我们的基本功炼扎实了,才能在中心、主题等方面标新立异,施展无穷的才华。所以希望大家通过这篇文章的练习能够体会到在必要时频繁使用BUT并不一定会让文章失色。

Passage 4.

Teachers and Society

Teachers are “engineers of the human souls.”2) the teaching profession in our country is often associated with low pay and poor housing. In the rural areas, the situation is survive.

4) , teachers are making enormous contributions to our country. Every year thousands and thousands of well-educated graduates enter the labor force and play important roles in various fields. Many of them have become achieving scholars and scientists and have contributed much to the advancement of China’s science and technology and to her modernization programs. Teachers,needless to say, can claim part of the credit.

tradition for putting a high premium on education. By comparison, education receives very little attention and investment from the government, its budget totaling less than three percent of the country’s GNP.7) the last decade has witnessed some progress in improving the educational infrastructure and the teachers living conditions, there is yet world of problems to be solved.

Constant dropping wears away a stone. 滴水穿石。 答案与解析:

1.答案But解析开篇第一句话打了双引号,显然这是一句对于老师公认的至高无上的评价,但根据空格后面的内容,我们可以推断出学生对于教师这一职业的态度并不像引语中说的那么积极。因此这里我们用一个转折连词but。

2.答案for解析社会上既然将老师这一职业大加赞赏,为什么和老师接触最多的学生们不愿意选择这样的未来呢?这是每一位读者都迫切想知道的事情,空格后面的内容就是对这一问题做出的解释。根据空格的位置(for在接表原因的句子时只能放在主句后面)和意思,我们用表原因的for。

3.答案even解析人们不想当老师的原因已经很清楚了,这里作者还想进一步介绍老师在物质方面

的窘迫,所以谈到了乡村教师,在此要表达一种强调语气“更”“还”的意思,我们使用副词even,此处是even与比较级连用表示“比……更加”“比……还要”的意思。

4.答案Yet解析虽然,尽管如此。大家是否注意到该段第一个词后紧接着就是一个标点符号,我们通过观察发现被标点隔开的空格中需要的不是起关键作用的主语或其它句子中的重要成分,因此它要么是一个呼语,要么就是个修饰全句的副词或连词,如果是呼语或副词,在此文讲不通道理,那么它应该是一个承接上文、引领下文的连词,且该词有强调的语气。最后想为大家补充一点的是,在正式文体中,当yet表示“迄今”这一意思时,需与现在完成时动词连用,而不能使用一般过去时动词,如:(1)He hasn’t started yet.(正确)(2)He didn’t start yet.(错误) The supreme happiness of life is the conviction that we are loved.

生活中最大的幸福是坚信有人爱我们。

5.答案Unfortunately解析该段第一句话有些长,但在句子的主干部分没有空格出现,因此在我们理解句意时不会有太大偏差。第五个空格应该是一个承上启下的单词,在此它若是一个副词更合理些,这里我们根据句意,使用unfortunately,现在举个例子来体会一下该词的用法:Unfortunately, the show was one of the dullest we have ever seen.不幸得很,这次演出是我们所见过的最乏味的演出。

6.答案despite解析本词意思是:尽管,即使。该空格引领的句子是对主句的补充说明,这里主要表达的意思是,尽管中国有着悠久的重视教育的传统,但其前景仍不慎明朗。在这半句中我们再来巩固一个词组,put (offer, place, set)a premium on重视,促进,鼓励。

7.答案Although解析为了能够和句子中的yet相呼应,同时兼顾文章的内容,这里我们选用although一词。该词用在主句中,可与副词yet,nevertheless等连用,但不能与but连用,这是一个与我们的汉语相悖的用法,希望大家在使用时特别留心。 Passage 5.

Is It Possible to Persuade Mankind to Live Without War?

War is an ancient institution which has existed for 1) six thousand years. It was always wicked and 2) foolish, but in the past,the human race managed to live with it. Modern ingenuity has changed 4) war will abolish Man. For the present, it is nuclear weapons that cause the gravest danger, but bacteriological or chemical weapons may, before long, offer an threat. If we succeed in abolishing nuclear weapons, our work will not be done. It will never be done until we have succeeded in abolishing war. To do this, we need to persuade mankind to look upon international questions in a new way, not as contests of force, in which the victory goes to the side which is most skilful in massacre, but by arbitration in accordance with agreed principles of law. It is -old

mental habits, but this is what must be attempted.

You never know your luck. 命运好坏不由己。 答案与解析:

1.答案at least解析这里需要一个修饰时间的词组,使用at least“至少”可以使句子在表达意思方面更客观。该词组用于从最低可能去判断,不少于。

2.答案usually解析在空格前我们能够发现一个可以给我们解题很大启示的单词and,对比它连接的成分可以推断出空格中缺少的是类似always这样能够修饰形容词的表示“通常,大多数情况下”的单词,通过这些信息我们可以得出答案,即usually。

3.Sow nothing, reap nothing.春不播,秋不收。答案Either解析要么……要么。用在以“或”连接的两个或多个并列成分或分句的第一个之前,如:Either we go now or we remain here forever.要么我们现在走,要么永远在这里呆下去。

4.答案or解析还是either...or的词组,在此我们来具体看一下这个词组在使用时应注意的方面。在either...or结构中,两个连接词后应跟并列成分,试比较:(1)You may either have the ring or the bracelet.(2)You may have either the ring or the bracelet.你即可以有戒指也可以有手镯。显然,第一种说法不符合要求是错误的,而第二句是正确的。当作为句子中主语的either...or结构中的所有成分都是单数时,动词也应用单数,如:Either Mary or Tom has been invited. 马丽和汤姆都被邀请了。类似地,当所有成分都是复数时,动词也应用复数,如:Either the Clarks or the Keys have been invited.克拉克全家和凯全家都被邀请了。以上提到的几点相信大家都会用得很好,值得注意的是最后一点,即当结构中既有单数成分又有复数成分的时候,动词该采取什么形式呢。关于这一问题人们的观点并不统一,但普遍认为动词的人称和数应与离得最近的名词或短语相匹配,因此我们说Either Eve or the Keys have been invited.而不说Either Eve or the Keys has been invited.

5.答案even解析更加。这里需要一个能够加强语气的副词。前面提到核武器将造成严重后果,但相比之下细菌和化学武器的危害更大。even正是用在后半句之中以强调新武器的危害。

6.答案not easy解析和 difficult作用相同,此说法可以避免生硬的语气,更加符合英语表达的习惯。


编辑提醒:请注意查看“spank文章”一文是否有分页内容。原文地址http://www.zhangxingkui.cn/a/2015-07-19/spankwz83775.html

    更多相关文章

    注:spank文章一文由热点资讯免费提供,来源于网络。本文著作权归原作者所有,请在转载引用时保留。否则因《spank文章》一文引起的法律纠纷请自负,2015-07-19。

    热点文章